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Patnam Subramanya Iyer

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Patnam Subramanya Iyer was a great vocalist, teacher and composer.

He was born in 1845 in Tanjavur to Bharatham Vaidyanatha Iyer, his father. He hailed from a musical tradition: his grandfather was Bharatham Panchanada Sastry, the samasthana vidwan at the court of Serfoji II and his uncle Melatture Ganapati Sastrigal was also a vocalist and taught him music, along with Kothavasal Venkatarama Iyer and Manambucchavadi Venkatasubbaiyyar. Among his sishyas were Ramanathapuram (Poochi) Srinivasa Iyengar, Kakinada C.S. Krishnaswamy Iyer, G Narayanaswamy Iyer, Mysore Vasudevacharya, Guruswamy Iyer, Tiger Varadachariar, Muthialpet Sesha Iyer (known as Kulla Sesha Iyer), M.S. Ramaswamy Iyer, and Enadi Laksmi. He was the Asthana Vidwan to the Courts of Travancore, Mysore, Vijayanagaram and Ramanathapuram. He has composed over a 100 pieces, including tana and pada varnas, kritis, tillanas and javalis. He has set a pallavi to the Simhanandana Tala, the longest tala. He used the mudras Venkateswara, Adi Venkateswara, Varada Venkateswara, Sri Varada Venkateswara or Venkatesa. He is credited with the creation of the raaga Kathana Kuthuhalam. Famous for singing begada, he earned the name Begada Subramanya Iyer. He died July 31st, 1902 in Tiruvayyar.

Mudra: Venkatesha, Venkateswara

Genre Carnatic: Krithi, Varnam, Javali, Tillana

Languages used: Telugu, Sanskrit, Tamil

Compositions:

Aa samayam unakemi Saranga Adi Krithi Abhimanamu Begada Adi Krithi Aparadamulam Latangi Adi Krithi Appudu manasu Khamas Rupaka Krithi Apudu manasu Khamas Rupaka Javalli Bhajare manasa Sugunabhushani Rupaka Krithi Chelineneku Paras Adi Javali Dari teliyaka Darbar Ata Krithi Emisethine Bhairavi Ata Swarajati Endukina modi Sri Adi Varna Endukitu chapalamu Mandari Chapu Krithi Ennadi ni kripa Vachaspathi Rupaka Krithi Ennadu daya Balahamsa Rupaka Krithi Eppudu kripa Mukhari Adi Krithi Eranapai Mukhari Adi Varnam Ernanapai HanumaThodi Adi Varna Etu namminavo Saveri Adi Krithi Evaribodha Abhogi Adi Varna Evarunaru nannu Simhavahini Adi Krithi Everemi bodhana Sahana Ata Varnam Garuda gamana Nagasvaravali Rupaka Krithi Ikenelane Purnachandrika Adi Krithi Inka chalamela Chakravakam Ata Varna Inkadaya Chakravakam Adi Krithi Intakande Kannada Rupaka Krithi Ithivaru lethiki Ramapriya Adi Krithi Iti nyayama Malavi Adi Krithi Jalajakshi Chakravakam Adi Varna Kanna tandri nive Narayani Adi Krithi Kanukontani Desya Todi Adi Krithi Korinavara Ramapriya Rupaka Krithi Mana cheko vayya Sarasangi Rupaka Krithi Manasethiki Saveri Ata Varnam Manasu karuga Hamsadhwani Rupaka Krithi Manasuna nera Begada Rupaka Krithi Maravakave Sama Rupaka Krithi Marivere Latangi Khanda Chapu Krithi Marivere Dikkevarayya Shanmukhapriya Adi Krithi Mariyada teliyakane Surutti Rupaka Krithi Nannu brova rada Bhairavam Tisra Eka Krithi Naravara Raghunandana Manirang Adi Krithi Nejesana Purnachandrika Adi Krithi Nerumchokora na pai Sankarabharanam Adi Krithi Ni padamule Bhairavi Adi Krithi Nijadasavarada Mecha Kalyani Adi Krithi Nijamukha Rama Keeravani Adi Krithi Nilu parani Mohamuto Sankarabharanam Ata Varna Ninnu joochi Saurashtram Adi Krithi Ninujerppa Mandari Adi Krithi Nive gatiyeni Purnachandrika Adi Krithi Padaredi meraggadura Yadukulakambhoji Ata Krithi Palaya Sri Sankarabharanam Adi Krithi Palukudache Phalamanjari Adi Krithi Palumaru ninne Natta Adi Varnam Panchapakeswara Ramapriya Adi Krithi Parabrahmanu ni Kapinarayani Adi Krithi Paritanamichithe Bilahari Khanda Chapu Krithi Raghuvamsa sudha Kathanakuthuhalam Adi Krithi Rama ika nannu Sahana Rupaka Krithi Samayamide Kedaram Rupaka Krithi Samayamide rara Hindusthani Behag Adi Krithi Sami ni vega Nattakurinji Ata Krithi Samidi velakudura Kannada Adi Krithi Sankalpam Kharaharapriya Adi? Krithi Sarasa ninne Nattakurinji Adi Krithi Sarasiruhanana Brindavanasaranga Adi Krithi Srikara raghuvara Saraswati Adi Krithi Tadim dhanita Paras Adi Thillana Tamasimchaka Asaveri Adi Krithi Vagaradibhodana Hindusthani Behag Adi Javali Varamiyya vayya Udayaravichandrika Adi Krithi Varamolusagi Keeravani Rupaka Krithi Varamujavayya Udayaravichandrika Adi Krithi Veruvanela Sudha Bangala Adi Krithi

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