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Srimad Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa | Sundara Kāṇḍa ~ Sarga 2 of 68

samudra-langhanam-hanuman-ramayan-desibantu

Sundara Kāṇḍa : Book of Beauty || Total Sargas (or) Chapters: 68

Abstract: Detailed accounts of Hanuman’s adventures, including his meeting with Sita. Traditionally read first when reading the Ramayana, this book’s name derives from the fond name given to Hanuman by his mother.

Sarga (chapter): 2 of 68 || śloka (verses): 58

Sundara Kāṇḍa Sarg 2 of 68: Audio pending upload....     
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Vālmīki (Sanskrit: वाल्मीकि)

Vālmīki (Sanskrit: वाल्मीकि)



Introduction
This chapter introduces us to the glorious city of Lanka and Hanuma’s first encounter with it. The geography around the island where Lanka is located is described herein. The chapter also depicts the initial reaction of Hanuma on seeing the city and his initial thoughts about the feasibility of the task of overcoming the Rakshasas and Ravana to reunite Sri Rama with mother Seetha. As the book progresses, we shall see how Hanuma overcomes these thoughts and moves toward achieving this task.

स सागरमनाधृष्यमतिक्रम्य महाबलः |
त्रिकूटशिखरे लङ्कां स्थितां स्वस्थो ददर्श ह || ५-२-१
sa saagaramanaadhR^ishhyamatikramya mahaabalaH |
trikuuTashikhare laN^kaaM sthitaaM svastho dadarsha ha || 5-2-1


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.1

1. saH = that Hanuma; mahaabalaH = one with great strength; atikramya = crossed; anaadhrishhyam = the insurmountable; saagaram = ocean; svasthaH = (stayed) healthy (without any physical tiredness); dadarsha ha = and viewed; laN^kaam = the city of Lanka; sthitaam = situated; trikuuTa sikhare = on the peak of Mount Trikuta.

That Hanuma with great strength crossed the insurmountable ocean without becoming tired and viewed the city of Lanka located on the peak of Mount Trikuta.

ततः पादपमुक्तेन पुष्पवर्षेण वीर्यवान् |
अभिवृष्टः स्थितस्तत्र बभौ पुष्पमयो यथा || ५-२-२
tataH paadapamuktena pushhpavarshheNa viiryavaan |
abhivR^ishhTaH sthitastatra babhau pushhpamayo yathaa || 5-2-2


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.2

2. tataH = after that; viiryavaan = the powerful Hanuma; sthitaH = standing; tatra = there; babhau = shone; pushhpamayo yathaa = like one (with a body) of flowers; abhivR^ishhTaH = being showered; pushhpavarshheNa = by a rain of flowers; paadapamuktena = released by trees.

After that, the powerful Hanuma standing there shone like one made of flowers being showered by a rain of flowers released by trees.

Comment : Being showered by flowers is considered auspicious.

योजनानां शतं श्रीमांस्तीर्त्वाप्युत्तमविक्रमः |
अनिःस्वसन् कपिस्तत्र न ग्लानिमधिगच्छति || ५-२-३
yojanaanaaM shataM shriimaaMstiirtvaapyuttamavikramaH |
aniHsvasan kapistatra na glaanimadhigachchhati || 5-2-3


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.3

3. shriimaan = the glorious; kapiH = Hanuma; uttama vikramaH = with the best courage; tiirtvaapi = even though crossing; shatam = a hundred; yojanaanaam = yojanas; aniHshvan = was without a sigh; na adhigachhati = (and) did not obtain; glaanim = tiredness; tatra = there.

The glorious Hanuma with the best courage, even though crossing a hundred yojanas, was without a sigh and did not obtain any tiredness.

Comment : This verse and others clearly mention that Hanuma crossed an ocean of hundred yojanas. At the present time the shore to shore distance between southern tip of India and Northern tip of Sri Lanka is around sixty miles. Even with a measure of 2.5 miles per yojana, hundred yojanas translate to 250 miles. To explain this anomaly, we need to consider that around the time of Ramayana, the distance was lot more than the current sixty miles. This is in sync with the current theories by geologists that the ocean between India and the current Sri Lanka had been replaced by land mass over a period of time. Most of the land to the south of current Raghunatha Pura had been covered by landmass in antiquity. Also according to Ramayana, the mountains Trikuta, Lamba and Suvela were to the north of Lanka, but currently the mountains are found in the southern part of Lanka. This suggests that the northern parts of current Lanka were submerged in water during the Ramayana period.

शतान्यहं योजनानां क्रमेयं सुबहुन्यपि |
किं पुनः सागरस्यान्तं संख्यातं शतयोजनम् || ५-२-४
shataanyahaM yojanaanaaM krameyaM subahunyapi |
kiM punaH saagarasyaantaM saMkhyaataM shatayojanam || 5-2-4


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.4

4. aham = I; krameyam = will cross; subahuunyapi = a lot of; shataanyapi yojanaanaam = hundreds of yojanas also; kim punaH = what to say; antam = (about) the end; saagarasya = of the ocean; saMkhyaatam = counted; shata yojanam = to be hundred yojanas (long) .

“I can cross many hundreds of yojanas. What to say about the end of the ocean which had been counted to be hundred yojanas long?”.

स तु वीर्यवतां श्रेष्ठः प्लवतामपि चोत्तमः |
जगाम वेगवान् लङ्कां लङ्घयित्वा महोदधिम् || ५-२-५
sa tu viiryavataaM shreshhThaH plavataamapi chottamaH |
jagaama vegavaan laN^kaaM laN^ghayitvaa mahodadhim || 5-2-5


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.5

5. saH tu = that Hanuma; shresahhThaH = best; viiryavataam = among the powerful ones; uttamaH = foremost; plavataamapi = also among those who fly; jagaama = went; vegavaan = with (good) speed; lan^kaam = for Lanka; laJNGhayitvaa = crossing; mahodadhim = the great ocean.

That Hanuma, the best among powerful ones and the foremost also among those who can fly, reached the city of Lanka by crossing the great ocean with good speed.

शाद्वलानि च नीलानि गन्धवन्ति वनानि च |
गण्डवन्ति च मध्येन जगाम नगवन्ति च || ५-२-६
shaadvalaani cha niilaani gandhavanti vanaani cha |
gaNDavanti cha madhyena jagaama nagavanti cha || 5-2-6


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.6

6. jagaama = (He) passed; madhyena = in the middle of; vanaani cha = forests; niilaani = (with) dark green hued; gandhavanti = fragrant; shaadvalaani cha = lawns; gaNDavanti cha = with great rocks; nagavanti cha = and also hills.

He passed through forests with dark green hued fragrant lawns and also consisting of great rocks and hills.

शैलांश्च तरुसंचन्नान् वनराजीश्च पुष्पिताः |
अभिचक्राम तेजस्वी हनुमान् प्लवगर्षभः || ५-२-७
shailaaMshcha tarusaMchannaan vanaraajiishcha pushhpitaaH |
abhichakraama tejasvii hanumaan plavagarshhabhaH || 5-2-7


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.7

7. hanumaan = Hanuma; plavagarshhabhaH = the best among Vanaras; tejasvii = the radiant one; abhichakraama = tread; shailaaMshcha = on mountains; tarusaMchannaan = covered with trees; vanaraajiishcha = and on series of trees; pushhpitaaH = (which were) blooming.

Hanuma, the best among Vanaras and the radiant one, tread on mountains covered with trees and on series of trees full of flowers.

स तस्मिन्नचले तिष्ठन्वनान्युपवनानि च |
स नगाग्रे च तां लङ्कां ददर्श पवनात्मजः || ५-२-८
sa tasminnachale tishhThanvanaanyupavanaani cha |
sa nagaagre cha taaM laN^kaaM dadarsha pavanaatmajaH || 5-2-8


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.8

8. saH pavanaatmajaH = that Hanuma; tishhThan = stood; tasmin achale = on that mountain; dadarsha = and saw; vanaani = forests; upavanaani cha = and gardens; taam laN^kaam = (and also) that city of Lanka; nagaagre = situated on the top of a mountain.

That son of God Vayu stood on a mountain and saw forests and gardens and also the city of Lanka situated on the top of a mountain.

सरळान् कर्णिकारांश्च खर्जूरांश्च सुपुष्पितान् |
प्रियाळान्मुचुळिन्दांश्च कुटजान् केतकानपि || ५-२-९
प्रियङ्गून् गन्धपूर्णांश्च नीपान् सप्तच्छदांस्तथा |
असनान् कोविदारांश्च करवीरांश्च पुष्पितान् || ५-२-१०
पुष्पभारनिबद्धांश्च तथा मुकुळितानपि |
पादपान् विहगाकीर्णान् पवनाधूतमस्तकान् || ५-२-११
हंसकारण्डवाकीर्णान्वापीः पद्मोत्मलायुताः |
आक्रीडान् विविधान् रम्यान्विविधांश्च जलाशयान् || ५-२-१२
संततान् विविधैर्वऋकैः सर्वर्तुफलपुष्पितैः |
उद्यानानि च रम्याणि ददर्श कपिकुञ्जरः || ५-२-१३
saraLaan karNikaaraaMshcha kharjuuraaMshcha supushhpitaan |
priyaaLaanmuchuLindaaMshcha kuTajaan ketakaanapi || 5-2-9
priyaN^guun gandhapuurNaaMshcha niipaan saptachchhadaaMstathaa |
asanaan kovidaaraaMshcha karaviiraaMshcha pushhpitaan || 5-2-10
pushhpabhaaranibaddhaaMshcha tathaa mukuLitaanapi |
paadapaan vihagaakiirNaan pavanaadhuutamastakaan || 5-2-11
haMsakaaraNDavaakiirNaanvaapiiH padmotmalaayutaaH |
aakriiDaan vividhaan ramyaanvividhaaMshcha jalaashayaan || 5-2-12
saMtataan vividhairvaR^ikaiH sarvartuphalapushhpitaiH |
udyaanaani cha ramyaaNi dadarsha kapikuJNjaraH || 5-2-13


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.9 to 5.2.13

9;10;11;12;13. kapi kuJNaraH = The elephant among monkeys (Hanuma); dadarsha = saw; saraLaan = pine trees; karNikaaraaMshcha = Karnikaras; kharjuuraMshcha = date-palms; supushhpitaan = in full blossom; priyaalaan = Priyalas; muchulindas = lemon trees; kutajaan = wild jasmine trees; ketakaanapi = mogra trees; priyaJNguuMshcha = long pepper trees; gandhapuurNaan = filled with fragrance; niipaan = Kadamba trees; tathaa = and; saptachchhadaan = seven leaved banana trees; asanaan = Asanas; kovidaaraaMshcha = Kovidaras; karaviiraaMshcha = Karaviras; pushhpitaan = in full blossom; padapaan = trees; pushhpabhaara nibaddhaaMshcha = tied by the weight of flowers; tathaa = and; mukulitaanapi = with flower buds; vihagaakiirNaan = distressed by birds; pavanaadhuutamastakaan = with (their) peaks moved by wind; vaapiiH = wells; vividhaan = (and) various; ramyaan = glorious; aakriiDaan = pleasure-groves; vividhaiH vR^ikshaiH = (filled) by various trees; sarvartuphalapushhpitaiH = that give fruits and flowers in all seasons; ramyaaNi = (and) beautiful; udyaanaani cha = gardens also; saMtataan = surrounded by; vividhaan = various; jalaashayaaMshcha = ponds; haMsakaaraNDa vaakiirNaaH = consisting of swans and ducks.

Standing on that mountain, the elephant among monkeys, Hanuma, saw pine trees, Karnikaras, date-palms in full blossom, Priyalas, lemon trees, wild jasmine trees, mogra trees, long pepper trees filled with sweet fragrance, Kadamba trees and seven leaved banana trees, Asana trees, Kovidaras, Karaviras in full blossom, trees that were tied by the weight of their flowers and flower buds, that were distressed by birds, with their crests moved by wind, wells and various glorious pleasure-groves filled by various trees that give fruits and flowers in all seasons and beautiful gardens also, surrounded by various ponds consisting of swans and ducks.

समासाद्य च लक्ष्मीवन् लङ्कां रावणपालिताम् |
परिखाभिः सपद्माभिः सोत्पलाभिरलंकृताम् || ५-२-१४
सीतापहरणार्थेन रावणेन सुरक्षिताम् |
समन्ताद्विचरद्भिश्च राक्षसैरुग्रधन्विभिः || ५-२-१५
काञ्चनेनावृतां रम्यां प्राकारेण महापुरीम् |
गृहैश्च ग्रहसंकाशैः शारदाम्बुदसन्निभैः || ५-२-१६
पाण्डुराभिः प्रतोळीभिरुच्चाभिरभिसंवृताम् |
अट्टालकशताकीर्णां पताकाध्वजमालिनीम् || ५-२-१७
तोरणैः काञ्चनैर्दिव्यैर्लतापङ्किविचित्रितैः |
ददर्श हनुमान् लङ्कां दिवि देवपुरीं यथा || ५-२-१८
samaasaadya cha lakshmiivan laN^kaaM raavaNapaalitaam |
parikhaabhiH sapadmaabhiH sotpalaabhiralaMkR^itaam || 5-2-14
siitaapaharaNaarthena raavaNena surakshitaam |
samantaadvicharadbhishcha raakshasairugradhanvibhiH || 5-2-15
kaaJNchanenaavR^itaaM ramyaaM praakaareNa mahaapuriim |
gR^ihaishcha grahasaMkaashaiH shaaradaambudasannibhaiH || 5-2-16
paaNDuraabhiH pratoLiibhiruchchaabhirabhisaMvR^itaam |
aTTaalakashataakiirNaaM pataakaadhvajamaaliniim || 5-2-17
toraNaiH kaaJNchanairdivyairlataapaN^kivichitritaiH |
dadarsha hanumaan laN^kaaM divi devapuriiM yathaa || 5-2-18


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.14 to 5.2.18

14; 15; 16; 17; 18. lakshmiivaan = the glorious; hanumaan = Hanuma; samaasaadya = neared; laN^kaam = the city of Lanka; raavaNa paalitaam = ruled by Ravana; alaMkR^itaam = decorated by; parikhaabhiH = moats; sapadmaabhiH = filled with lotuses; sotpalaabhiH = and water-lilies; surakshitaam = well protected; siitaapaharaNaarthena = due to the reason of Seetha’s abduction; raavaNena = by Ravana; raakshasaiH = (and also) by Rakshasas; ugradhvanibhiH = with horrifying voices; vicharadbhiH = roaming; samantaat = around; aavR^itaam = surrounded; kaaJNchanena praakaareNa = by a golden boundary wall; ramyaam = the beautiful; mahaapuriim = great city; abhisaMvR^itaam = consisting; gR^ihaishcha = houses; girisaMkaashaiH = equal to mountains; shaaradaambudasannibhaiH = equal to the autumnal clouds; pratoliibhiH = (and) main streets; paaNDuraabhiH = which were white (plastered); uchchaabhiH = (and) which were elevated; pataakaadhvaja maaliniim = decorated with flags and pennons; toraNaiH = archaways; divyaiH = excellent; kaaJNchanaiH = golden hued; lataapaN^kti vichitritaiH = adorned with sculpted rows of climbers; dadarsha = (Hanuma) saw; laN^kaam = (that) Lanka; devapurrimiva = like the city of Gods; divi = in heaven.

The glorious Hanuma neared the city of Lanka ruled by Ravana, and saw the city which looked like the city of Gods in heaven, decorated by moats filled with lotuses and water-lilies, which was well protected, since the time of Seetha’s abduction, by Ravana and by Rakshasas with horrifying voices roaming around, which was surrounded by a golden boundary wall, that beautiful great city consisted of houses equal in height to mountains and which looked like autumnal clouds, with white and elevated main streets, decorated with flags and pennons, with excellent golden hued archways adorned with sculpted rows of vines.

गिरिमूर्ध्नि स्थितां लङ्कां पाण्डुरैर्भवनैः शुभैः |
ददर्श स कपिश्रेष्ठः पुरमाकाशगं यथा || ५-२-१९
girimuurdhni sthitaaM laN^kaaM paaNDurairbhavanaiH shubhaiH |
dadarsha sa kapishreshhThaH puramaakaashagaM yathaa || 5-2-19


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.19

19. saH = that; kapi shreshhThaH = best among monkeys Hanuma; dadarsha = saw; laN^kaam = the city of Lanka; bhavanaiH = with buildings; paaNDuraiH = white in color; shubhaiH = beautiful ones; sthitaam = situated; giri muurdhni = on the top of a mountain; aakaashagam puram yathaa = like a city located in the sky.

That best among monkeys Hanuma saw the city of Lanka with beautiful white buildings situated on the top of a mountain like a city located in the sky.

पालितां राक्षसेन्द्रेण निर्मितां विश्वकर्मणा |
प्लवमानामिवाकाशे ददर्श हनुमान् पुरीम् || ५-२-२०
paalitaaM raakshasendreNa nirmitaaM vishvakarmaNaa |
plavamaanaamivaakaashe dadarsha hanumaan puriim || 5-2-20


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.20

20. hanumaan = Hanuma; dadarsha = saw; puriim = that city; paalitaam = ruled; raakshasendreNa = by the king of Rakshasas; nirmitaam = constructed; vishvakarmaNaa = by Visvakarma – the architect of Gods; plavamaaniva = looked as though it were floating; aakaashe = in the sky.

Hanuma saw that city of Lanka ruled by Ravana the king of Rakshasas, constructed by Visvakarma (architect of Gods), and which looked as though it were floating in the sky.

पप्रप्राकारजघनां विपुलाम्बुनवाम्बराम् |
शतघ्नीशूलकेशान्तामट्टालकवतंसकाम् || ५-२-२१
मन्सेव कृतां लङ्कां निर्मितां विश्वकर्मणा |
द्वारमुत्तरमासाद्य चिन्तयामास वानरः || ५-२-२२
paprapraakaarajaghanaaM vipulaambunavaambaraam |
shataghniishuulakeshaantaamaTTaalakavataMsakaam || 5-2-21
manseva kR^itaaM laN^kaaM nirmitaaM vishvakarmaNaa |
dvaaramuttaramaasaadya chintayaamaasa vaanaraH || 5-2-22


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.21, 5.2.22

21; 22. vaanaraH = Hanuma (saw); laN^kaam = city of Lanka; vaprapraakaara jaghanaam = (with) buttress and enclosure wall as her hip and loins; vipulaambunavaambaraam = the vast body of water (in the moat) as her raiment; shataghnii shuula keshantaam = Satagnis and Sulas as her locks; aTTaalakavataMsakaam = the mansions as her earrings; nirmitaam = constructed; manasaa = by thought; (He) aasaadya = reached; uttaram dvaaram = the northern gate; chintayaamaasa = and thought ( thus – ) .

Hanuma saw the city of Lanka with buttress and enclosure wall as her hip and loins, the vast body pf water in the moat as her raiment, Satagnis and Sulas as her locks, the mansions as her earrings, constructed by thought. He reached the northern gate and thought thus.

कैलासशिखरप्रख्यामालिख्स्न्तीमिवाम्बरम् |
डीयमानामिवाकाशमुच्छ्रितैर्भवनोत्तमैः || ५-२-२३
संपूर्णां राक्षसैर्घोरैर्नागैर्भोगवतीमिव |
अचिन्त्यां सुकृतां स्पष्टां कुबेराध्युषितां पुरा || ५-२-२४
दंष्ट्रिभिर्बहुभिः शूरैः शूलपट्टिसपाणिभिः |
रक्षितां राक्षसैर्घोरैर्गुहामाशीविषैरिव || ५-२-२५
तस्याश्च महतीं गुप्तिं सागरं च निरीक्ष्य सः |
रावणं च रिपुं घोरं चिन्तयामास वानरः || ५-२-२६
kailaasashikharaprakhyaamaalikhsntiimivaambaram |
DiiyamaanaamivaakaashamuchchhritairbhavanottamaiH || 5-2-23
saMpuurNaaM raakshasairghorairnaagairbhogavatiimiva |
achintyaaM sukR^itaaM spashhTaaM kuberaadhyushhitaaM puraa || 5-2-24
daMshhTribhirbahubhiH shuuraiH shuulapaTTisapaaNibhiH |
rakshitaaM raakshasairghorairguhaamaashiivishhairiva || 5-2-25
tasyaashcha mahatiiM guptiM saagaraM cha niriikshya saH |
raavaNaM cha ripuM ghoraM chintayaamaasa vaanaraH || 5-2-26


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.23 to 5.2.26

23; 24; 25; 26. kailaasa shikhara prakhyaam = (Hanuma saw the city of Lanka ) equal to the peak of Kailasa; aalikhantiimiva = as though touching; ambaram = the sky; Diiyamaanaamiva = as though flying; aakaasham = for sky; ucchritaiH bhavanottamaiH = with its best mansions; saMpuurNaam = filled; ghoraiH = (with) horrible; raakshasaiH = Rakshasas; bhogavatiimiva = like in the city of Bhogavati; naagaiH = and by Serpents; achintyaam = one which is unfathomable; sukR^itaam = well arranged one; spashhTaam = the clear one; kuberaadhyushhitaam = governed by Kubera; puraa = in earlier times; rakshitaam = protected; aashiivishhaiH = by serpents; raakshasaiH = (and) Rakshasas; guhaamiva = (with a mouth) like a cave; daMshhTribhiH = with sharp teeth; shuuraiH = courageous ones; shuulapattisa paanibhiH = with spikes and Pattisas in their hands; ghoraiH = horrible ones; saH vaanaraH = that Hanuma; niriikshya = saw; tasyaaH = that Lanka’s; mahatiim = great; guptim = protection; saagaram cha = and the ocean; raavaNam cha = and Ravana; ghoram ripum = the horrible enemy; chintayaamaasa = and thought thus.

Hanuma saw the city of Lanka equal to peak of Kailasa as though touching the sky, as though flying to reach the sky, with its best mansions, filled with horrible rakshasas and serpants like the city of Bhogavati (capital of Patala), one which was unfathomable, a well arranged and a clear city governed by Kubera in earlier times, protected by courageous, horrible serpents and Rakshasas with mouths with sharp teeth like a cave, with spikes and Pattisas (spears) in their hands. Hanuma saw that Lanka’s great protection and the ocean and Ravana the horrible enemy and thought thus.

आगत्यापीह हरयो भविष्यन्ति निररथकाः |
न हि युद्धेन व लङ्का शक्या जेतुं सुरैरपि || ५-२-२७
aagatyaapiiha harayo bhavishhyanti nirarathakaaH |
na hi yuddhena va laN^kaa shakyaa jetuM surairapi || 5-2-27


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.27

27. harayaH = vaanaras; aagatyaapi = even (if they) could come; iha = here; bhavishhyanti = they would become; nirarthakaaH = without success; laN^kaa = Lanka; na shakyaa hi = is not possible; jetum = to be overcome; yuddhena = in war; surairapi = even by Suras.

“Even if Vanaras were to come here they would not meet with success. It is not possible even for Devas to be victorious against Lanka in war”.

इमां तु विषमां दुर्गां लङ्कां रावणपालिताम् |
प्राप्यापि स महाबाहुः किम् करिष्यति राघवः || ५-२-२८
imaaM tu vishhamaaM durgaaM laN^kaaM raavaNapaalitaam |
praapyaapi sa mahaabaahuH kim karishhyati raaghavaH || 5-2-28


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.28

28. praapyaapi = even after reaching; imaam = this; vishhamaam = very difficult; durgaam = impenetrable; laN^kaam = Lanka; raavaNa paalitaam = ruled by Ravana; kiM karishhyati saH mahaabaahuH raaghavaH = what can that Sri Rama with mighty arms do?.

“Even if He reaches this very difficult and impenetrable Lanka ruled by Ravana, what can that Sri Rama with mighty arms do”?.

अवकाशो न सान्त्वस्य रक्षसेष्वभिगम्यते |
न दानस्य न भेदस्य नैव युद्धस्य दृश्यते || ५-२-२९
avakaasho na saantvasya rakshaseshhvabhigamyate |
na daanasya na bhedasya naiva yuddhasya dR^ishyate || 5-2-29


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.29

29. raakshaseshhu = in (the matter of overcoming) rakshasas; avakaashaH na abhigamyate = no opportunity can be obtained; saantvasya = for persuasion; na daanasya = no (opportunity for) gift; na bhedasya = no (opportunity for) dissension; yuddhasya = (an opportunity for) war; naiva drishyate = is not even to be seen.

“In the matter of overcoming rakshasas, there seems to be no opportunity for persuasion, gifts, dissension or even war”.

चतुर्णामेव हि गतिर्वानराणां महात्मनाम् |
वालिपुत्रस्य नीलस्य मम राज्ञश्च धीमतः || ५-२-३०
chaturNaameva hi gatirvaanaraaNaaM mahaatmanaam |
vaaliputrasya niilasya mama raajJNashcha dhiimataH || 5-2-30


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.30

30. chaturNaam eva hi = only four; mahaatmaanaam = great; vaanaraaNaam = vanaras; gatiH hi = (have) the possibility of coming (here); vaaliputrasya = for the son of Vali – Angada; niilasya = for Nila; mama = for me; dhiimataH raaNJnashcha = and for the wise king Sugriva.

“Only four great Vanaras can come here – the son of Vali (Angada), Nila, myself and the wise king Sugriva”.

यावज्जानामि वैदेहीं यदि जीवति वा न वा |
तत्रैव चिन्तयिष्यामि दृष्ट्वा तां जनकात्मजाम् || ५-२-३१
yaavajjaanaami vaidehiiM yadi jiivati vaa na vaa |
tatraiva chintayishhyaami dR^ishhTvaa taaM janakaatmajaam || 5-2-31


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.31

31. yaavat jaanaami = I will find out; vaidehiim = about Seetha; yadi jeevati vaa = if she is alive or; na = not; chintayishhyaami = I will think; tatriava = there; dR^ishhTvaa = after seeing; taam janakaatmajaam = that Seetha.

“I will first find out if Seetha is alive or not. I will think all this later, after seeing that daughter of Janaka”.

ततः स चिन्तयामास मुहूर्तं कपिकुञ्जरः |
गिरिशृङ्गे स्थितस्तस्मिन् रामस्याभ्युदये रतः || ५-२-३२
tataH sa chintayaamaasa muhuurtaM kapikuJNjaraH |
girishR^iN^ge sthitastasmin raamasyaabhyudaye rataH || 5-2-32


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.32

32. tataH = after that; saH kapikuJNaraH = that elephant among monkeys Hanuma; rataH = interested; abhyudaye = in the welfare; raamasya = of Sri Rama; sthitaH = stood; tasmin girishR^iJNge = on that mountain peak; chintayaamaasa = and thought; muhuurtam = for an instant.

After that, that elephant among monkeys Hanuma who was interested in the welfare of Sri Rama, stood on that mountain peak and thought for an instant.

अनेन रूपेण मया न शक्या रक्षसां पुरी |
प्रवेष्टुं राक्षसैर्गुप्ता क्रूरैर्बलसमन्वितैः || ५-२-३३
anena ruupeNa mayaa na shakyaa rakshasaaM purii |
praveshhTuM raakshasairguptaa kruurairbalasamanvitaiH || 5-2-33


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.33

33. na shakyaa = it is not possible; praveshhTum = to enter; mayaa = by me; anena ruupeNa = in this appearance; purii = the city; rakshasaam = of rakshasa; guptaa = protected; raakshasaiH = by rakshasas; kruuraiH = (who are) cruel; balasamanvitaiH = (and) with strength.

“It is not possible for me to enter the city of ogres protected by cruel and strong rakshasas, with this appearance”.

उग्रौजसो महावीर्या बलवन्तश्च राक्षसाः |
वञ्चनीया मया सर्वे जानकीं परिमार्गता || ५-२-३४
ugraujaso mahaaviiryaa balavantashcha raakshasaaH |
vaJNchaniiyaa mayaa sarve jaanakiiM parimaargataa || 5-2-34


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.34

34. raakshasaaH sarve = all rakshasas; ugraujasaH = who are with extraordinary energy; mahaaviiryaH = great prowess; balavantashcha = and of might; vaN^chaniiyaaH = are to be cheated; mayaa = by me; parimaargataa = who is searching; jaanakiim = Seetha.

“All these mighty ogres with extraordinary energy and great prowess are to be cheated by me while engaged in the search of Seetha”.

लक्ष्यालक्ष्येण रूपेण रात्रौ लङ्का पुरी मया |
प्रवेष्टुं प्राप्तकालं मे कृत्यं साधयितुं महत् || ५-२-३५
lakshyaalakshyeNa ruupeNa raatrau laN^kaa purii mayaa |
praveshhTuM praaptakaalaM me kR^ityaM saadhayituM mahat || 5-2-35


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.35

35. saadhayitum = to acheive; me = my; mahat = great; kR^ityam = task; mayaa = by me; praveshhTum = to enter; laN^kaapurii = city of Lanka; lakshyaalakshyeNa = in a seen-unseen (barely seen); ruupeNa = form; raatrau = at night; praaptakaalam = is a timely (thing).

“To achieve this great deed successfully, entering the city of Lanka in a small form at night is a timely thing to do” .

तां पुरीं तादृशीं दृष्ट्वा दुराधर्शां सुरासुरैः |
हनुमान् चिन्तयामास विनिश्चित्य मुहुर्मुहुः || ५-२-३६
taaM puriiM taadR^ishiiM dR^ishhTvaa duraadharshaaM suraasuraiH |
hanumaan chintayaamaasa vinishchitya muhurmuhuH || 5-2-36


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.36

36. hanumaan = Hanuma; dR^ishhTvaa = saw; taadR^ishiim = such; taam = that; puriim = city; duraadharshham = difficult to overcome; suraasuraiH = (even for) devas or asuras; chintayaamaasa = (and) thought; muhurmuhuH = repeatedly.

Hanuma saw such that city of Lanka, which was difficult to overcome even for Devas or asuras, and thought thus repeatedly.

केनोपायेन पशेयं मैथिलीं जनकात्मजाम् |
अदृष्टो राक्षसेन्द्रेण रावणेन दुरात्मना || ५-२-३७
kenopaayena pasheyaM maithiliiM janakaatmajaam |
adR^ishhTo raakshasendreNa raavaNena duraatmanaa || 5-2-37


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.37

37. kena = By which; upaayena = idea; pashyeyam = can I see; maithiliim = Seetha; janakaatmajaam = the daughter of Janaka; adR^ishhTaH = unseen; duraatmanaa raavaNena = by the wicked Ravana; raakshasendreNa = the king of ogres.

“By what idea can I see Seetha the daughter of Janaka, unseen by the wicked Ravana, the king of the ogres.

न विनश्येत्कथं कार्यं रामस्य विदितात्मनः |
एकामेकश्च पश्येयं रहिते जनकात्मजाम् || ५-२-३८
na vinashyetkathaM kaaryaM raamasya viditaatmanaH |
ekaamekashcha pashyeyaM rahite janakaatmajaam || 5-2-38


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.38

38. katham = how; kaaryam = (can) the task; viditaatmanaH raamsya = of Sri Rama; the knower of self; na vinashyet = not be destroyed; pashyeyam ekashcha = (How) can I alone see; janakaatmajaam = Seetha; ekaam = alone; rahite = in a place devoid of people.

“How can the task of Sri Rama, one who knows self, not be destroyed? How can I alone see Seetha alone in a place devoid of people?.”.

भूताश्चार्था विपद्यन्ते देशकालविरोधिताः |
विक्लबं दूतमासाद्य तमः सूर्योदये यथा || ५-२-३९
bhuutaashchaarthaa vipadyante deshakaalavirodhitaaH |
viklabaM duutamaasaadya tamaH suuryodaye yathaa || 5-2-39


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.39

39. aasaadya = obtaining; duutam = a messenger; viklabam = with a gloomy mind; deshakaalavirodhitaaH = being against the place and time; bhuutaaH = ready; arthaaH = tasks; vipadyante = get harmed; tamaH yathaa = like darkness (getting destroyed); suuryodaye = at dawn.

“With a mediator who has an unsteady and gloomy mind working against time and place, tasks that are otherwise ready to succeed get harmed, like the darkness that gets destroyed at dawn”.

अर्थानर्थान्तरे बुद्धिर्निश्चितापि न शोभते |
घातयन्ति हि कार्याणि दूताः पण्डितमानिनः || ५-२-४०
arthaanarthaantare buddhirnishchitaapi na shobhate |
ghaatayanti hi kaaryaaNi duutaaH paNDitamaaninaH || 5-2-40


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.40

40. nishchitaaH buddhirapi = even a decided mind; na shobhate = will not shine; arthaanarthaantare = (when vacillating) between gain and loss; duutaaH = messengers; paNDitamaaninaH = who are respected by scholars; ghaatayanti hi = will also harm; kaaryaaNi = tasks (due to their arrogance).

“Even a decided mind will not shine when thinking about gain and loss. Mediators who are respected by scholarly people will also harm tasks due to their arrogance.”.

न विनश्येत्कथं कार्यं वैक्लब्यम् न कथं भवेत् |
लङ्घनं च समुद्रस्य कथं नु न वृथा भवेत् || ५-२-४१
na vinashyetkathaM kaaryaM vaiklabyam na kathaM bhavet |
laN^ghanaM cha samudrasya kathaM nu na vR^ithaa bhavet || 5-2-41


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.41

41. katham = how; kaaryam = the task (at hand); na vinashyet = will not be harmed; katham = how; vaiklabyam = gloominess; na bhavet = will not be got; katham nu = how; laJNghanam cha = crossing; samudrasya = of the ocean; na bhavet = will not become; vR^idhaa = waste.

“How will the task at hand be not harmed? How will my mind not get gloominess? How will not the crossing of ocean go waste?.”.

मयि दृष्टे तु रक्षोभी रामस्य विदितात्मनः |
भवेद्व्यर्थमिदं कार्यं रावणानर्थमिच्छतः || ५-२-४२
mayi dR^ishhTe tu rakshobhii raamasya viditaatmanaH |
bhavedvyarthamidaM kaaryaM raavaNaanarthamichchhataH || 5-2-42


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.42

42. mayi dR^ishhTe tu = If I am seen; rakshobhiH = by rakshasas; idam kaaryam = this task; raamasya = of Sri Rama; viditaatmanaH = one with famed mind; icchataH = who desires; raavaNaanartham = the slaying of Ravana; bhavet = will become; vyartham = wasteful.

“If I were to be seen by rakshasas, this task of Sri Rama, with a famed mind, who desires the slaying of Ravana will become wasteful.”.

न हि शक्यं क्वचित् स्थातुमविज्ञातेन राक्षसैः |
अपि राक्षसरूपेण किमुतान्येन केनचित् || ५-२-४३
na hi shakyaM kvachit sthaatumavijJNaatena raakshasaiH |
api raakshasaruupeNa kimutaanyena kenachit || 5-2-43


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.43

43. na shakyam hi = it is not possible; sthaatum = to be; kvachit = in any place; raakshasa ruupeNaapi = with the form of a rakshasa; aviNJaatena = not being known; raakshaiH = by rakshasas; kimuta = what to say; anyena kenachit = (about) any other form.

“It is not possible to be in Lanka even in the form of a rakshasa. What to say about being there in any other form?”.

वायुरप्यत्र नाज्ञातश्चरेदिति मतिर्मम |
न ह्यस्त्यविदितं किंचिद्राक्षसानां बलीयसाम् || ५-२-४४
vaayurapyatra naajJNaatashcharediti matirmama |
na hyastyaviditaM kiMchidraakshasaanaaM baliiyasaam || 5-2-44


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.44

44. iti = this; mama matiH = is my thought; vaayurapi = even wind; na charet = cannot pass; atra = here; aNJgnaataH = without being known; naasti hi kiMchit = there is nothing; aviditam = not known; baliiyasaam raakshasaanaam = to the mighty rakshasas.

“My thought goes thus: Even wind cannot pass here without being known. There is nothing not known to the might rakshasas.”.

इहाहं यदि तिष्ठामि स्वेन रूपेण संवृतः |
विनाशमुपयास्यामि भर्तुरर्थश्च हीयते || ५-२-४५
ihaahaM yadi tishhThaami svena ruupeNa saMvR^itaH |
vinaashamupayaasyaami bharturarthashcha hiiyate || 5-2-45


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.45

45. aham tishhThaami yadi = if I stay; iha = here; svena ruupeNa saMvR^itaH = consisting of my usual form; upayaasyaami = I can obtain; vinaasham = destruction; arthashcha = the task; bhartuH = of Lord Sri Rama; hiiyate = will also be harmed.

“If I stay here with my usual form, I can be destroyed. The task of the Lord will also be harmed.”.

तदहं स्वेन रूपेण रजन्यां ह्रस्वतां गतः |
लङ्कामभिपतिष्यामि राघवस्यार्थसिद्धये || ५-२-४६
tadahaM svena ruupeNa rajanyaaM hrasvataaM gataH |
laN^kaamabhipatishhyaami raaghavasyaarthasiddhaye || 5-2-46


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.46

46. tat = for that (reason); aham = I; gataH = will obtain; hrasvataam = smallness; svena ruupeNa = in my usual form; abhipatishhyaami = and will enter; laN^kaam = Lanka; rajanyaam = at night; artha siddhaye = for the success of the task; raaghavasya = of Sri Rama.

“For that reason, I will become small in my appearance and will enter Lanka at night for the success of the task of Sri Rama.”.

रावणस्य पुरीं रात्रौ प्रविश्य सुदुरासदाम् |
विचिन्वन् भवनं स्र्वं द्रक्ष्यामि जनकात्मजाम् || ५-२-४७
raavaNasya puriiM raatrau pravishya suduraasadaam |
vichinvan bhavanaM srvaM drakshyaami janakaatmajaam || 5-2-47


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.47

47. pravishya = entering; suduraasadaam = the unapproachable; puriim = city; raatrau = at night; vichinvan = searching; sarvam bhavanam = all the mansion; raavaNasya = of Ravana; drakshyaami = I can see; janakaatmajaam = Seetha.

“Entering the unapproachable city of Lanka at night and searching all the mansion of Ravana, I can see Seetha.”.

इति संचिन्त्य हनुमान् सूर्यस्यास्तमयं कपिः |
आचकांक्षे ततो वीरो वैदेह्या द्रशनोतुसकः || ५-२-४८
iti saMchintya hanumaan suuryasyaastamayaM kapiH |
aachakaaMkshe tato viiro vaidehyaa drashanotusakaH || 5-2-48


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.48

48. viiraH kapiH = the courageous monkey; hanumaan = Hanuma; iti = thus; saMchintya = thinking; darshanotsukaH = interested in discovery; vaidehyaaH = of Seetha; tadaa = then; aachakaaMkshe = desired; suuryasya astamayam = the sun set.

The courageous Hanuma thus thinking and being interested in discovering Seetha, then desired the sun to set.

सूर्ये चास्तं गते रात्रौ देहं संक्षिप्य मारुतिः |
वृषदंशकमात्रः सन् बभूवाद्भुतदर्शनः || ५-२-४९
suurye chaastaM gate raatrau dehaM saMkshipya maarutiH |
vR^ishhadaMshakamaatraH san babhuuvaadbhutadarshanaH || 5-2-49


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.49

49. suurye astaMgate cha = After the sun had set; maarutiH = Hanuma; saMkshipya = reduced; deham = body; raatrau = at night; vR^ishhadaMshaka maatraH san = with a body size equal to that of a cat; babhuuva = became; adhuta darshanaH = a wonderful sight (to behold).

After the sun had set, Hanuma reduced His body at night with a size equal to that of a cat and became a wonderful sight to behold.

प्रदोषकाले हनुमांस्तूर्णमुत्प्लुत्य वीर्यवान् |
प्रविवेश पुरीं रम्यां सुविभक्तमहापथाम् || ५-२-५०
pradoshhakaale hanumaaMstuurNamutplutya viiryavaan |
pravivesha puriiM ramyaaM suvibhaktamahaapathaam || 5-2-50


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.50

50. viiryavaan = the courageous; hanumaan = Hanuma; tuurNam = quickly; utplutya = flew; pradoshhakaale = during the evening time; pravivesha = (and) entered; ramyaam = beautiful; puriim = city of Lanka; suvibhaktamahaapathaam = with well divided main pathways.

The courageous Hanuma quickly flew during evening time and entered the beautiful city with well divided main pathways.

प्रासादमालाविततां स्तम्भैः काञ्चनराजतैः |
शातकुम्भमयैर्जालैर्गन्धर्वनगरोपमाम् || ५-२-५१
सप्तभौमाष्टभौमैश्च स ददर्श महापुरीम् |
तलैः स्फतिकसंकीर्णैः कार्तस्वरविभूषितैः || ५-२-५२
praasaadamaalaavitataaM stambhaiH kaaJNchanaraajataiH |
shaatakumbhamayairjaalairgandharvanagaropamaam || 5-2-51
saptabhaumaashhTabhaumaishcha sa dadarsha mahaapuriim |
talaiH sphatikasaMkiirNaiH kaartasvaravibhuushhitaiH || 5-2-52


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.51, 5.2.52

51; 52. saH = Hanuma; dadarsha = saw; mahaapuriim = (that) great city; praasaada maalaa vitataam = filled with series of mansions; kaaN^chana raajataiH = (with) golden hued; sthambhaiH = pillars; jaalaiH = and windows; gandharvanagaropamaam = equal to the city of Gandharvas; saptabhaumaashhTabhaumai cha = (consisting of) seven and eight storied houses; talaiH = (with) top portions; sphaTika saMkiirNaiH = inlaid with crystals; kaartasvaravibhuushhitaiH = and decorated with gold.

Hanuma saw that great city filled with series of mansions, golden hued pillars and window lattices, which was equal to the city of Gandharvas, consisting of seven and eight storied buildings with their top portions studded with crystals and pearls and decorated with gold.

वैडूर्यमणिचित्रैश्च मुक्ताजालविभूषितैः |
तलैः शुशुभिरे तानि भवनान्यत्र रक्षसाम् || ५-२-५३
vaiDuuryamaNichitraishcha muktaajaalavibhuushhitaiH |
talaiH shushubhire taani bhavanaanyatra rakshasaam || 5-2-53


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.53

53. atra = there (in that city of Lanka); bhavanaani = the houses; rakshasaam = of rakshasas; shushubhire = shone; talaiH = with top portions; vaiDuuryamaNi chitraiH = painted by cats-eyes and emeralds; muktaajaalavibhuushhitaiH = decorated by groups of pearls.

There in that city of Lanka, the houses of rakshasas shone with top portions painted by cats-eyes and emeralds and decorated by groups of pearls.

काञ्चनानि च चित्राणि तोरणानि च रक्षसाम् |
लङ्कामुद्द्योतयामासुः सर्वतः समलंकृताम् || ५-२-५४
kaaJNchanaani cha chitraaNi toraNaani cha rakshasaam |
laN^kaamuddyotayaamaasuH sarvataH samalaMkR^itaam || 5-2-54


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.54

54. kaaN^chanaani = golden; toraNaani = archways; chitraaNi = with strange hues; uddyotayaamaasuH = illuminated; samalaMkR^itaam = well decorated; laN^kaam = city of Lanka; sarvataH = in all directions.

Golden archways with strange hues illuminated the well decorated city of Lanka in all directions.

अचिन्त्यामद्भुताकारां दृष्ट्वा लङ्कां महाकपिः |
आसीद्विष्ण्डो हृष्टश्च वैदेह्या दर्शनोत्सुकः || ५-२-५५
achintyaamadbhutaakaaraaM dR^ishhTvaa laN^kaaM mahaakapiH |
aasiidvishhNDo hR^ishhTashcha vaidehyaa darshanotsukaH || 5-2-55


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.55

55. mahaakapiH = Hanuma; dR^ishhTvaa = seeing; achintyaam = the unimaginable; laN^kaam = city of Lanka; adbhutaakaaraam = with a wonderful appearance; darshanotsukaH = eager in discovery; vaidehyaaH = of Seetha; aasiit = became; vishhaNNaH = sad; hR^ishhTashcha = and happy.

Hanuma on seeing the unimaginable city of Lanka with a wonderful appearance became sad thinking about the prospect of capturing Lanka and also happy being eager to see Seetha.

स पाण्डुराविद्धविमानमालिनीं |
महार्हजाम्बूनदजालतोरणाम् |
यशस्विनीं रावणबाहुपालितां |
क्षपाचरैर्भिमबलैः समावृताम् || ५-२-५६
sa paaNDuraaviddhavimaanamaaliniiM |
mahaarhajaambuunadajaalatoraNaam |
yashasviniiM raavaNabaahupaalitaaM |
kshapaacharairbhimabalaiH samaavR^itaam || 5-2-56


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.56

56. saH = Hanuma (saw Lanka); paaNDuraaviddhavimaanamaaliniim = with white; closely built series of buildings; mahaarhajaambuunadajaalatoraNaam = having golden windows and doorways of great value; yashasviniim = of great fame; samaavR^itaam = consisting; kshapaacharaiH = of ogres; bhimmabalaiH = of great strength; raavaNabaahupaalitaam = ruled by the hands of Ravana.

Hanuma saw that city of Lanka of great fame, with white, closely built buildings having golden windows and doorways of great value, consisting of ogres of great strength and ruled by the hands of Ravana.

चन्द्रोऽपि साचिव्यमिवास्य कुर्वं |
स्तारागणैर्मध्यगतो विराजन् |
ज्योत्स्नावितानेन वितत्य लोक |
मुत्तिष्ठते नैकसहस्ररश्मिः || ५-२-५७
chandro.api saachivyamivaasya kurvaM |
staaraagaNairmadhyagato viraajan |
jyotsnaavitaanena vitatya loka |
muttishhThate naikasahasrarashmiH || 5-2-57


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.57

57. naikasahasrarashmiH chandro~pi = Moon with many thousands of rays; taaraa gaNaiH = together with a retinue of stars; madhyagataH = obtaining the center of stars; viraajan = shining; vitatya = (and) covering; lokam = the earth; jyotsnaa vitaanena = with canopy of moon-light; uttishhThate = rose up; kurvanniva = as though performing; saachivyam = help; asya = to Him (Hanuma) . saH hari praviiraH = that Hanuma; dadarsha = saw; chandram = the moon; udgachchhamaanam = rising up; shaNJkhaprabham = with a glow of a conch; vyavabhaasamaanam = shining; kshiiramR^iNaala varNam = with milky white hue like a lotus-fiber; haMsamiva = like a swan; popluuyamaanam = swimming; sarasi = in a lake.

The shining moon too rose up with its many thousands of rays, as though performing help to Hanuma, being at the middle of its retinue of stars and covering the earth with a canopy of light. That Hanuma saw the moon rising up with a glow of a conch shell, shining with a milky white hue of a lotus-fiber, like a swan swimming in a lake.

शङ्खप्रभं क्षीरमृणालवर्ण |
मुद्गच्छमानं व्यवभासमानम् |
ददर्श चन्द्रं स हरिप्रवीरः |
प्लोप्लूयमानं सरसीव हंसम् || ५-२-५८
shaN^khaprabhaM kshiiramR^iNaalavarNa |
mudgachchhamaanaM vyavabhaasamaanam |
dadarsha chandraM sa haripraviiraH |
plopluuyamaanaM sarasiiva haMsam || 5-2-58


Show Description: Sloka 5.2.58

58. saH haripraviiraH = that Hanuma; dadarsha = saw; chandram = the moon; udgachha maanam = who was rising up; shaN^kha prabham = with the splendour of a couch-shell; vyavabhaasamaanam = shining; kShiiramR^iNaala varNam = in white colour as milk and lotus-fibre; hamsamiva = and looking like a swan; popluuyamaanam = swimming; sarasi = in a lake.

That Hanuma saw the moon, who was rising up in the sky with the splendour of a couch-shell, shining in white colour as milk or lotus-fibre, and looking like a swan swimming in a lake.

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