Bhagwan Das (January 12, 1869 – September 18, 1958) was an Indian theosophist and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. He became allied with the Hindustani Culture Society and was active in opposing rioting as a form of protest. As an advocate for national freedom from the British rule, he was often in danger of reprisals from the Colonial government. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in the year of 1955. He was the fourth recipient of India’s highest civilian award.
Bhagwan Das was an Indian theosophist and social activist. He served in the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. He with the help of Hindustani Culture Society was active in opposing the riots. He worked as an advocate in the British rule.
He was born on 12th January 1869 in Varanasi in India. After he studied in the school, he became a deputy in the collections bureau. He continued his academic pursuits later on. He joined the Theosophical Society in 1894 and was greatly inspired by the speech of Annie Besant. It witnessed a split 1895 and he joined the side of Theosophical Society Adyar. He was an opponent of Jiddu Krishnamurthi. He opposed his concept of Order of the Stars in the East.
He joined the Indian National Congress at the time of the Non-cooperation movement and received Bharat Ratna in the year 1955. He formed a professional collaboration with Annie Besant leading to the foundation of the Central Hindu College which later became Benaras Hindu University.
He founded Kashi Vidhya Peeth and served as the headmaster there. He was a scholar of Sanskrit and had written nearly 30 books. Many of them were in Hindi and Sanskrit. He belonged to the prosperous Shah family of Varanasi. He advocated that going across the sea would not cause one to lose his caste and was excommunicated from Agrawal Samaj for that. This situation happened when his son Sri Prakasa wanted to go to England to study law.
He died on 18th September 1958 at the age of 89. A road in New Delhi is named after him and a colony in the Sigra area of Varanasi was named after him as the Dr. Bhagwan Das Nagar.