The magnificence and luxury of Kishkindha and its inmates is depicted here. Lakshmana on the invitation of Angada proceeds through the streets of the city examining its glory. On reaching palace-chambers, feeling shy to enter inside where the women are moving about and also infuriated at Sugreeva’s callousness, Lakshmana makes a thunderous noise with his bowstring. Listening that sound Sugreeva is terrorised and bids Tara to approach Lakshmana to pacify him. Accordingly, Tara approaches Lakshmana and pacifies his anger and invites him to their palace.
This chapter vies with the 33rd chapter of Aranya Kanda in the attitudes of a king and his kingship. Here Sugreeva is indulged in bodily pleasures with his own females and in Aranya Kanda, as accused by Shurpanakha, Ravana is hankering after other’s women. Here Sugreeva dizzy with drinks and in Aranya Ravana is dizzy with his supremacy. These two chapters, as detailed by ancient commentators, equally deal with raaja niiti shastra ‘political science.’ Here the only rescue to Sugreeva is Tara, who saves the face of Sugreeva before Lakshmana, whereas Ravana has none to come to his aid when chided by Shurpanakha. Out of total 66 verses that are here in this traditional edition, verses from 25 to 62 are unavailable in critical edition, perhaps estimating them to be lateral interpolations, and there this chapter is quickly concluded. These verses belong to the exposition of ‘kingly vices…’ on which Tara rationally defends.
अथ प्रतिसंआदिष्टो लक्ष्मणः परवीरहा |
प्रविवेश गुहाम् रम्याम् किष्किंधाम् राम शासनात् || ४-३३-१
pravivesha guhaam ramyaam kiShki.ndhaam raama shaasanaat || 4-33-1
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.1
Then on invitation to inside, Lakshmana, the slayer of braving enemies, entered that delightful cavelike Kishkindha at Rama’s orders. [4-33-1]
Angada on informing Sugreeva about the arrival of Lakshmana came back to Lakshmana and invited him to come inside Kishkindha. .
द्वारस्था हरयः तत्र महाकाया महाबलाः |
बभूवुः लक्ष्मणम् दृष्ट्वा सर्वे प्रांजलयः स्थिताः || ४-३३-२
babhuuvuH lakShmaNam dR^iShTvaa sarve praa.njalayaH sthitaaH || 4-33-2
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.2
On seeing Lakshmana the huge bodied and highly mighty monkeys available at the gateway stood back with their palms adjoined in supplication. [4-33-2] .
निःश्वसन्तम् तु तम् दृष्ट्वा क्रुद्धम् दशरथ आत्मजम् |
बभूवुः हरयः त्रस्ता न च एनम् पर्यवारयन् || ४-३३-३
babhuuvuH harayaH trastaa na ca enam paryavaarayan || 4-33-3
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.3
But on seeing at the fumingly infuriated son of Dasharatha, all the monkeys have become scared and they did not even gather around him. [4-33-3] .
स तम् रत्नमयीम् दिव्याम् श्रीमान् पुष्पित काननाम् |
रम्याम् रत्न समाकीर्णाम् ददर्श महतीम् गुहाम् || ४-३३-४
ramyaam ratna samaakiirNaam dadarsha mahatiim guhaam || 4-33-4
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.4
Glorious Lakshmana has seen the splendid Kishkindha which is a colossal cave crafted with jewels, replete with flowered orchards and richly rife with gemlike-objects d’art. [4-33-4] .
हर्म्य प्रासाद संबाधाम् नाना रत्नोपशोभिताम् |
सर्व काम फलैः वृक्षैः पुष्पितैः उपशोभिताम् || ४-३३-५
sarva kaama phalaiH vR^ikShaiH puShpitaiH upashobhitaam || 4-33-5
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.5
Kishkindha is compacted with mansions and multi-storied buildings that are embellished with various precious stones, and it is enlivened with blossomed trees that bear fruit of every relish and of every season, and Lakshmana has seen such a Kishkindha. [4-33-5] .
देव गंधर्व पुत्रैः च वानरैः काम रूपिभिः |
दिव्य माल्य अम्बर धारैः शोभिताम् प्रिय दर्शनैः || ४-३३-६
divya maalya ambara dhaaraiH shobhitaam priya dar.hshanaiH || 4-33-6
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.6
That city is brightened with vanara-s who with their prepossessing appearances are attired in marvellous garlands and garments, and who can change their guise just by their wish, as they are the children of gods and gandharva-s, and Lakshmana has seen such a city. [4-33-6] .
चन्दन अगरु पद्मानाम् गन्धैः सुरभि गन्धिताम् |
मैरेयाणाम् मधूनाम् च सम्मोदित महा पथाम् || ४-३३-७
maireyaaNaam madhuunaam ca sammodita mahaa pathaam || 4-33-7
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.7
She is perfumed with the fragrances that are pleasing the sense of smell like sandal-scent, true-aloe-scent, and the scents of lotuses, and her wide avenues are highly exhilarated with the bouquet of flower-liquors and grape-wines, and Lakshmana has seen such a sweet-scanted city Kishkindha. [4-33-7]
The sandalwood paste, aloe scents, lotus scents are used as body rubs. Thus everyone is using them and hence fragrant, and due to the continuous preparation of wines prepared from the flowers of guDa puSpa, Bassia latifolia, or from flowers Lythrum fruticosum, brewed with the juice of sugarcane and also even from grapes, that city itself is odorous and the streets are boozy. .
विंध्य मेरु गिरि प्रख्यैः प्रासादैः न एक भूमिभिः |
ददर्श गिरि नद्यः च विमलाः तत्र राघवः || ४-३३-८
dadarsha giri nadyaH ca vimalaaH tatra raaghavaH || 4-33-8
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.8
In that city Lakshmana of Raghava dynasty has seen buildings that are not single-storied but multi-storied, semblable with Mt. Vindhya and Mt. Meru, and he even saw mountain-rapids with pure water. [4-33-8] .
अंगदस्य गृहम् रम्यम् मैन्दस्य द्विविदस्य च |
गवयस्य गवाक्षस्य गजस्य शरभस्य च || ४-३३-९
विद्युन्मालेः च संपातेः सूर्याक्षस्य हनूमतः |
वीरबाहोः सुबाहोः च नलस्य च महात्मनः || ४-३३-१०
कुमुदस्य सुषेणस्य तार जाम्बवतोः तथा |
दधिवक्त्रस्य नीलस्य सुपाटल सुनेत्रयोः || ४-३३-११
एतेषाम् कपि मुख्यानाम् राज मार्गे महात्मनाम् |
ददर्श गृह मुख्यानि महासाराणि लक्ष्मणः || ४-३३-१२
gavayasya gavaakShasya gajasya sharabhasya ca || 4-33-9
vidyunmaaleH ca saMpaateH suuryaakShasya hanuumataH |
viirabaahoH subaahoH ca nalasya ca mahaatmanaH || 4-33-10
kumudasya suSheNasya taara jaambavatoH tathaa |
dadhivak.htrasya niilasya supaaTala sunetrayoH || 4-33-11
eteShaam kapi mukhyaanaam raaja maarge mahaatmanaam |
dadarsha gR^iha mukhyaani mahaasaaraaNi lakShmaNaH || 4-33-12
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.9 to 4.33.12
On the kings-way Lakshmana has seen the exquisite mansion of Angada, likewise the lavish mansions of distinction pertaining to the other vanara chiefs, namely Dvivida, Gavaya, Gavaaksha, Gaja, and Sharabha, Vidyunmaali, Sampaati, Suuryaaksha, Hanuma, and that of the noble-souled Nala, and even those of Virabaahu, Subaahu, Kumuda, Sushena, Lt. Taara, Jambavanta, Dadhivaktra, Niila, Supaatala, and that of Sunetra. [4-33-9, 10, 11, 12] .
पाण्डुर अभ्र प्रकाशानि गन्ध माल्य युतानि च |
प्रभूत धन धान्यानि स्त्री रत्नैः शोभितानि च || ४-३३-१३
prabhuuta dhana dhaanyaani strii ratnaiH shobhitaani ca || 4-33-13
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.13
Those mansions that glitter like silver-clouds, fragrant with scents and festooned with flower-tassels, replete with wealth and food grains, are beaming with gemlike female-vanara-s, and Lakshmana saw them on his way. [4-33-13] .
पाण्डुरेण तु शैलेन परिक्षिप्तम् दुरासदम् |
वानरेन्द्र गृहम् रम्यम् महेन्द्र सदन उपमम् || ४-३३-१४
शुल्कैः प्रासाद शिखरैः कैलास शिखर उपमैः |
सर्व काम फलैः वृक्षैः पुष्पितैः उपशोभितम् || ४-३३-१५
महेन्द्र दत्तैः श्रीमद्भिः नील जीमूत संनिभैः |
दिव्य पुष्प फलैः वृक्षैः शीत च्छायैः मनोरमैः || ४-३३-१६
हरिभिः संवृत द्वारम् बलिभिः शस्त्र पाणिभिः |
दिव्य माल्य आवृतम् शुभ्रम् तप्त कांचन तोरणम् || ४-३३-१७
सुग्रीवस्य गृहम् रम्यम् प्रविवेश महाबलः |
अवार्यमाणः सौमित्रिः महाअभ्रम् इव भास्करः || ४-३३-१८
vaanarendra gR^iham ramyam mahendra sadana upamam || 4-33-14
shulkaiH praasaada shikharaiH kailaasa shikhara upamaiH |
sarva kaama phalaiH vR^ikShaiH puShpitaiH upashobhitam || 4-33-15
mahendra dattaiH shriimadbhiH niila jiimuuta saMnibhaiH |
divya puShpa phalaiH vR^ikShaiH shiita cchhaayaiH manoramaiH || 4-33-16
haribhiH saMvR^ita dvaaram balibhiH shastra paaNibhiH |
divya maalya aavR^itam shubhram tapta kaa.ncana toraNam || 4-33-17
sugriivasya gR^iham ramyam pravivesha mahaabalaH |
avaaryamaaNaH saumitriH mahaaabhram iva bhaaskaraH || 4-33-18
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.14 to 4.33.18
The grand palace of the king of monkeys, Sugreeva, which vies with the palace of Indra is inaccessibly immured in a whitely mountain. The spires of that palace are similar to the peaks of Mt. Kailash and it is shining forth with fully blossomed trees yielding fruits that can fulfil every relish of everyone. Some more providential and heart-pleasing trees available there are the endowment of Indra, which in shine are equal to blackish rainy-clouds, yielding divine flowers and fruits, and casting cool shades. Excellent garlands are strung round the palace and robust monkeys wielding weapons are screening its gateways, while its main archway cast in refined golden is splendorous. And the very bold Lakshmana unimpededly entered such a fascinating palace of Sugreeva, as with the sun entering a colossal cloud. [4-33-14, 15, 16, 17, 18] .
स सप्त कक्ष्या धर्मात्मा यान आसन समावृताः |
प्रविश्य सुमहत् गुप्तम् ददर्श अंतःपुरम् महत् || ४-३३-१९
हैम राजत पर्यन्कैः बहुभिः च वर आसनैः |
महा अर्ह आस्तरण उपेतैः तत्र तत्र समावृतम् || ४-३३-२०
pravishya sumahat guptam dadarsha a.ntaHpuram mahat || 4-33-19
haima raajata paryankaiH bahubhiH ca vara aasanaiH |
mahaa arha aastaraNa upetaiH tatra tatra samaavR^itam || 4-33-20
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.19,4.33.20
Passing through a set of seven courtyards in which carriers like palanquins, sedans, and even settees are spread over, that duty-bound Lakshmana has seen the highly protected and prodigious palace-chambers of Sugreeva, which is stuffed here and there with numerous golden and silver love-beds and divans on which highly valuable upholstery is provided. [4-33-19, 20] .
प्रविशन् एव सततम् शुश्राव मधुर स्वनम् |
तंत्री गीत समाकीर्णम् सम ताल पदाक्षरम् || ४-३३-२१
ta.ntrii giita samaakiirNam sama taala padaakSharam || 4-33-21
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.21
On his very entry Lakshmana heard the ongoing melodious tunes commixed with lyrics and strains of string-instruments, and all are unvarying in cadence, wording and lettering.
On his very entry Lakshmana heard the ongoing melodious tunes of lyrics with pulsing wording and lettering, conjoined with strains from string-instruments, like Veena etc., and all have a pulsating cadency. [4-33-21] .
बह्वीः च विविध आकारा रूप यौवन गर्विताः |
स्त्रियः सुग्रीव भवने ददर्श स महाबलः || ४-३३-२२
striyaH sugriiva bhavane dadarsha sa mahaabalaH || 4-33-22
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.22
And the great-mighty Lakshmana has seen many females in Sugreeva’s palace with diverse features and prideful of their beauty and youth. [4-33-22] .
दृष्ट्वा अभिजन संपन्नाः तत्र माल्य कृत स्रजः |
वर माल्य कृत व्यग्रा भूषण उत्तम भूषिताः || ४-३३-२३
न अतृप्तान् न अति च व्यग्रान् न अनुदात्त परिच्छदान् |
सुग्रीव अनुचरान् च अपि लक्षयामास लक्ष्मणः || ४-३३-२४
vara maalya kR^ita vyagraa bhuuShaNa uttama bhuuShitaaH || 4-33-23
na atR^iptaan na ati ca vyagraan na anudaatta paricchhadaan |
sugriiva anucaraan ca api lakShayaamaasa lakShmaNaH || 4-33-24
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.23,4.33.24
On observing the females of a worthy bloodline in the palace of Sugreeva, who are wearing garlands of worthily flowers, engrossed in making worthwhile flower-tassels and even adorned with worthiest jewellery, he also made a mark of the chambermaids. None of them is overawed, overstrained, and everyone is over-embellished in dressiness. [4-33-23, 24] .
कूजितम् नूपुराणाम् च कंचनीम् निःस्वनम् तथा |
स निशम्य ततः श्रीमान् सौमित्रिः लज्जितो अभवत् || ४-३३-२५
sa nishamya tataH shriimaan saumitriH lajjito abhavat || 4-33-25
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.25
Thereafter on hearing the chimes of silver-anklets and tintinnabulations of golden cinctures of female vanara-s that refulgent Saumitri is embarrassed to proceed further. [4-33-25] .
रोष वेग प्रकुपितः श्रुत्वा च आभरण स्वनम् |
चकार ज्या स्वनम् वीरो दिशः शब्देन पूरयन् || ४-३३-२६
cakaara jyaa svanam viiro dishaH shabdena puurayan || 4-33-26
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.26
On hearing the tinkles of the jewellery of female vanara-s valiant Lakshmana is highly provoked with an instantaneous bitterness, and he twitched bowstring as though to fill all the points of compass with twanging. [4-33-26] .
चारित्रेण महाबाहुः अपकृष्टः स लक्ष्मनः |
तस्थौ एकांतम् आश्रित्य राम शोक समन्वितः || ४-३३-२७
tasthau ekaa.ntam aashritya raama shoka samanvitaH || 4-33-27
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.27
His decent conduct hauling him down dextrous Lakshmana stood aside contingent on isolation, and alongside his heartfelt anguish of Rama. [4-33-27]
Lakshmana is in no mood to be in pleasing circumstances. Further, he dashed in to the palace uncaring for what to see. But seen are nymph-like females moving there about, uncaring for the presence of the male members of the palace, or even for the enterance of Lakshmana. That is why the entry into palaces is associated with certain protocols. anena parasya antaHpure sahasaa na praveSTavyam iti suucitam – dk Lakshmana is searing with his duty consciousness and this seventh heaven like atmosphere is irritating. To vent out his ire there is none in his audience, and hence he twanged his bowstring, which communicates his wrath to Sugreeva, who has not yet surfaced from the depths of his palace-chambers..
तेन चाप स्वनेन अथ सुग्रीवः प्लवगाधिपः |
विज्ञाय आगमनम् त्रस्तः स चचाल वर आसनात् || ४-३३-२८
vij~naaya aagamanam trastaH sa cacaala vara aasanaat || 4-33-28
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.28
With that twang of the bowstring the king of fly-jumpers Sugreeva is startled and jerked up from his exquisite seat as he ensured that Lakshmana has arrived. [4-33-28] .
अंगदेन यथा मह्यम् पुरस्तात् प्रतिवेदितम् |
सुव्यक्तम् एष संप्रप्तः सौमित्रिः भ्रातृ वत्सलः || ४-३३-२९
suvyaktam eSha saMpraptaH saumitriH bhraatR^i vatsalaH || 4-33-29
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.29
“As Angada indicated to me earlier, Saumitri, the votary of his brother, has come down on… it is very clear…” Thus Sugreeva exclaimed. [4-33-29] .
अंगदेन समाख्यतो ज्या स्वनेन च वानरः |
बुबुधे लक्ष्मणम् प्राप्तम् मुखम् च अस्य व्यशुष्यत || ४-३३-३०
bubudhe lakshmaNam praaptam mukham ca asya vyashuShyata || 4-33-30
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.30
As has been apprised by Angada earlier, and even now by the twang of bowstring, that vanara Sugreeva made up his mind about Lakshmana’s arrival, and he has become whey-faced. [4-33-30] .
ततः ताराम् हरि श्रेष्ठः सुग्रीवः प्रिय दर्शनाम् |
उवाच हितम् अव्यग्र त्रास संभ्रांत मानसः || ४-३३-३१
uvaaca hitam avyagra traasa saMbhraa.nta maanasaH || 4-33-31
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.31
The chief of monkeys Sugreeva then staidly spoke this advantageous word to the exquisite lady Tara while his heart is bewildered with dismay. [4-33-31] .
किम् नु रुट् कारणम् सुभ्रु प्रकृत्या मृदु मानसः |
स रोष इव संप्राप्तो येन अयम् राघवानुजः || ४-३३-३२
sa roSha iva saMpraapto yena ayam raaghavaanujaH || 4-33-32
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.32
“This brother of Raghava is mellow-hearted by his nature, oh, suavely eye-browed Tara, but he turned up as if with some disdain, really what must be the reason for a grudge! [4-33-32]
The word used su bhruu ‘good-eye-browed-one’ has some relevancy to Tara’s composure. Though certain people’s tongues cheer, their eyebrows chide. Tara is not a double-tongued lady but she speaks her heart in all rationality and her eyebrows do not belie what she states..
किम् पश्यसि कुमारस्य रोष स्थानम् अनिन्दिते |
न खलु अकारणे कोपम् आहरेत् नरपुंगवः || ४-३३-३३
na khalu akaaraNe kopam aaharet narapu.ngavaH || 4-33-33
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.33
“What do you see as the basis of this young man’s spite, oh impeccable Tara, this best one among men will not invoke despite, indeed, to a fault. [4-33-33] .
यदि अस्य कृतम् अस्माभिः बुध्यसे किंचित् अप्रियम् |
तत् बुध्या संप्रधार्य आशु क्षिप्रम् एव अभिधीयताम् || ४-३३-३४
tat budhyaa saMpradhaarya aashu kshipram eva abhidhiiyataam || 4-33-34
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.34
“If you consider that we have done something objectionable to him, in the least, let that be quickly determined by your nimble-wittedness and let that be made known immediately. [4-33-34] .
अथवा स्वयम् एव एनम् द्रष्टुम् अर्हसि भामिनी |
वचनैः स्वांत्व युक्तैः च प्रसादयितुम् अर्हसि || ४-३३-३५
vacanaiH svaa.ntva yuktaiH ca prasaadayitum arhasi || 4-33-35
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.35
“Otherwise, oh, lady, you alone are apt to see him in person, and it will be apt of you to appease him with words blent with mitigation. [4-33-35] .
त्वत् दर्शने विशुद्ध आत्मा न स कोपम् करिष्यति |
न हि स्त्रीषु महात्मानः क्वचित् कुर्वन्ति दारुणम् || ४-३३-३६
na hi striiShu mahaatmaanaH kvacit kur.hvanti daaruNam || 4-33-36
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.36
“Just on seeing you he that highly pure-souled Lakshmana will stop venting his spleen, by the way, great-souls will not be rampageous with women, isn’t it! [4-33-36]
The real valorous heroes will not exhibit their warring faculties before palace bound ladies. anena mahaa puruShaaH striiShu kopam na kurvanti iti suucitam – tathaa ca raaja dharme – devateShu visheSheNa raajasu braahmaNe Shu ca | niyantrya sadaa krodho vR^iddha strii baala rogiShu || dkOn this premise Sugreeva is using all his kingly tactics to appease Lakshmana, while Tara is no less in her political thinking, which will be evident soon. .
त्वया स्वांत्वैः उपक्रांतम् प्रसन्न इन्द्रिय मानसम् |
ततः कमलपत्राक्षम् द्रक्ष्याअमि अहम् अरिंदमम् || ४-३३-३७
tataH kamalapatraaksham drakshyaaami aham ari.ndamam || 4-33-37
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.37
“If you seek his presence with propitiatory words his heart and senses will be pacified, and then I will be able to see that lotus-petal-eyed Lakshmana, the destroyer of his enemies.” Sugreeva thus spoke to Tara. [4-33-37] .
सा प्रस्खलंती मद विह्वल अक्षी
प्रलंब कांची गुण हेम सूत्रा |
सलक्षणा लक्ष्मण संनिधानम्
जगाम तारा नमित अंग यष्टिः || ४-३३-३८
pralaMba kaa.ncii guNa hema suutraa |
salakshaNaa lakshmaNa saMnidhaanam
jagaama taaraa namita a.nga yaShTiH || 4-33-38
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.38
Exquisitely featured Tara went to the proximity of Lakshmana with a waddling gait, tipsily flustering eyes, rivi�re-strings of golden cincture dangling, and with a sticklike gracile body humbly bent. [4-33-38]
The inferences drawn on these expressions are: mada vihvala akshii ‘dizzy are her eyes either by drinking or by the insatiate sexual hunger…’ pralamba kaaancii guNa hema suutraa ‘girdle ornament loosened on her love-bed is not readjusted for a public appearance…’ namita anga yaSTi ‘sticklike body is bent…’ the body may be bent due to her humbleness, or by the weight of her breasts, or due to the ceaseless mating…’ sa lakshaNa ‘with features of a queen, or with the features of coital expressions, or of a humble lady…’ praskhalantii gamane ‘a waddling gait…’ due to her natural swanlike walk, or stumble of a tipsy one, or due to the fatigue of incessant coition…’ If it were asked whether it is appropriate of Tara to approach Lakshmana in this condition, it is said to be quiet befitting to her. Lakshmana is son-like to her and she can see him any time. Further Lakshmana treats other females as his own mothers, that way also she can near him. Apart from these social problems, there is an imminent danger with this Lakshmana, which is more precarious than these presentational problems. Hence she rushed to him in ‘as is where is’ condition concerning herself with the fate of Sugreeva and that of Kishkindha. .
स ताम् समीक्ष्य एव हरि ईश पत्नीम्
तस्थौ उदासीनतया महात्मा |
अवाङ्मुखो आभूत् मनुजेन्द्र पुत्रः
स्त्री सन्निकर्षात् विनिवृत्त कोपम् || ४-३३-३९
tasthau udaasiinatayaa mahaatmaa |
avaa~Nmukho aabhuut manujendra putraH
strii sannikarShaat vinivR^itta kopam || 4-33-39
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.39
On observing the wife of the king of monkeys, the great-souled son of the king of humans stood aside unemotionally, and because of the presence of females he backed down on his anger with his face cast down. [4-33-39] .
सा पान योगात् च निवृत्त लज्जा
दृष्टि प्रसादात् च नरेन्द्र सूनोः |
उवाच तारा प्रणय प्रगल्भम्
वाक्यम् महार्थम् परिसांत्व रूपम् || ४-३३-४०
dR^iShTi prasaadaat ca narendra suunoH |
uvaaca taaraa praNaya pragalbham
vaakyam mahaartham parisaa.ntva ruupam || 4-33-40
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.40
She who is unblushing by virtue of her inebriety ad even by the gracious look of the prince Lakshmana, such a Tara spoke a highly noteworthy sentence that is dauntless in friendliness and entirely mitigatory in its vein. [4-33-40] .
किम् कोप मूलम् मनुजेन्द्र पुत्र
कः ते न सन्तिष्ठति वाक् निदेशे |
कः शुष्क वृक्षम् वनम् आपतन्तम्
दवाग्निम् आसीदति निर्विशंकः || ४-३३-४१
kaH te na santiShThati vaak nideshe |
kaH shuShka vR^iksham vanam aapatantam
davaagnim aasiidati nir.hvisha.nkaH || 4-33-41
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.41
“Oh, prince, what is the cause of your anger? Who is not abiding by your oral order? And who is he that draweth nigh of a wildfire that is befalling on a forest of dried-up trees, without a shadow of doubt?” Tara enquired thus with Lakshmana. [4-33-41].
स तस्य वचनम् श्रुत्वा सांत्व पूर्वम् अशंकितः |
भूयः प्रणय दृष्टार्थम् लक्ष्मणो वाक्यम् अब्रवीत् || ४-३३-४२
bhuuyaH praNaya dR^iShTaartham lakshmaNo vaakyam abraviit || 4-33-42
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.42
On hearing her words which are with a prelude of propitiation, and which by far evince friendship for all practical purposes, Lakshmana trustfully spoke these words. [4-33-42] .
किम् अयम् काम वृत्तः ते लुप्त धर्मार्थ संग्रहः |
भर्ता भर्तृ हिते युक्ते न च एवम् अवबुध्यसे || ४-३३-४३
bhartaa bhartR^i hite yukte na ca evam avabudhyase || 4-33-43
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.43
“Oh, Tara, the associate of husband’s prosperity! Why your husband is bound up in profligacy alone, remiss in garnering rectitude and riches, and his dereliction is unbeknownst to you, is it! [4-33-43].
न चिंतयति राज्यार्थम् सः अस्मान् शोक परायणान् |
स अमात्य परिषत् तारे कामम् एव उपसेवते || ४-३३-४४
sa amaatya pariShat taare kaamam eva upasevate || 4-33-44
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.44
“Without thinking either about the interests of the kingdom or about us that are cringing to anguish, oh, Tara, your husband along with his council of ministers is indulged in lechery. [4-33-44] .
स मासान् चतुर कृत्वा प्रमाणम् प्लवगेश्वरः |
व्यतीतान् तान् मद उदग्रो विहरन् न अवबुध्यते || ४-३३-४५
vyatiitaan taan mada udagro viharan na avabudhyate || 4-33-45
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.45
“On stipulating a four month criterion for an embargo the king of fly-jumpers is not able to realise the completion of that period as he is frantically insensible. [4-33-45] .
न हि धर्मार्थ सिद्ध्यर्थम् पानम् एवम् प्रशस्यते |
पानात् अर्थस्य कामः च धर्मः च परिहीयते || ४-३३-४६
paanaat arthasya kaamaH ca dharmaH ca parihiiyate || 4-33-46
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.46
“For the purpose of achieving rightly rectitude and rightful riches this way of bacchanalia is inappreciable, isn’t it! Just going on drinking will bring prosperity, aspirations and even probity to ruin. [4-33-46] .
धर्म लोपो महान् तावत् कृते हि अप्रति कुर्वतः |
अर्थ लोपः च मित्रस्य नाशे गुणवतो महान् || ४-३३-४७
artha lopaH ca mitrasya naashe guNavato mahaan || 4-33-47
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.47
“If one is not going to requite the favour done in his respect an awful detriment occurs in his own rectitude, isn’t it. Thereby, that reneger will loose a highly noble friend and thereby a great shortcoming occurs to him in achieving his purposes. Thus a threefold ill befalls on that reneger. [4-33-47] .
मित्रम् हि अर्थ गुण श्रेष्ठम् सत्य धर्म परायणम् |
तत् द्वयम् तु परित्यक्तम् न तु धर्मे व्यवस्थितम् || ४-३३-४८
tat dvayam tu parityaktam na tu dharme vyavasthitam || 4-33-48
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.48
“Indeed a friend avowed to truthfulness and virtuousness is greater than one’s own means and aspirations, but you husband forsaking that pair of his means and aspirations that have been fulfilled by such a righteous friend, he is not even standing by the probity. [4-33-48] .
तत् एवम् प्रस्तुते कार्ये कार्यम् अस्माभिः उत्तरम् |
यत् कार्यम् कार्य तत्त्वज्ञे त्वम् उदाहर्तुम् अर्हसि || ४-३३-४९
yat kaaryam kaarya tattvaj~ne tvam udaahartum arhasi || 4-33-49
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.49
“Therefore, when our present task is standstill in this way due to the bouts of your husband, oh, the knower of the brunt of tasks, what is it we can undertake hereafter…you yourself may aptly give an example…” Thus, Lakshmana spoke curtly to Tara. [4-33-49] .
सा तस्य धर्मार्थ समाधि युक्तम्
निशम्य वाक्यम् मधुर स्वभावम् |
तारा गतार्थे मनुजेन्द्र कार्ये
विश्वास युक्तम् तम् उवाच भूयः || ४-३३-५०
nishamya vaakyam madhura svabhaavam |
taaraa gataarthe manujendra kaarye
vishvaasa yuktam tam uvaaca bhuuyaH || 4-33-50
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.50
On hearing his words containing means, merit and reconciliation, and of mellowly tendency of Lakshmana, Tara realized that the purpose of Rama is lapsed, but having confidence in ultimate success she again said to him.
On hearing his words containing means, merit and reconciliation, and of mellowly tendency of Lakshmana, and even on realizing the lapse committed by Sugreeva in the purpose of Rama, yet reposing her confidence in Sugreeva’s capability to achieve results, she again said to Lakshmana.
न कोप कालः क्षितिपाल पुत्र
न च अपि कोपः स्व जने विधेयः |
त्वत् अर्थ कामस्य जनस्य तस्य
प्रमादम् अपि अर्हसि वीर सोढुम् || ४-३३-५१
na ca api kopaH sva jane vidheyaH |
tvat artha kaamasya janasya tasya
pramaadam api arhasi viira soDhum || 4-33-51
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.51
“Oh, prince, this not the time for angering, also your own people shall not be subjected to anger, and it will be apt of you to tolerate Sugreeva’s fault because he is desirous of achieving results for you. [4-33-51] .
कोपम् कथम् नाम गुण प्रकृष्टः
कुमार कुर्यात् अपकृष्ट सत्त्वे |
कः त्वत् विधः कोप वशम् हि गच्छे
सत्त्व अवरुद्धः तपसः प्रसूतिः || ४-३३-५२
kumaara kuryaat apakR^iShTa sattve |
kaH tvat vidhaH kopa vasham hi gacchhe
sattva avaruddhaH tapasaH prasuutiH || 4-33-52
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.52
How in name can a meritoriously high-minded being will show his anger on a relatively mightless inferior being, say Sugreeva, whose mightiest brother’s mightiness and essence, say that of Vali, are deducted by none other but by your brother associated with you, and oh, lad, who goes into the control of fury, say of your kind, while he is restrained by his perfection, and a source of abstemiousness. [4-33-52] .
जानामि कोपम् हरि वीर बन्धोः
जानामि कार्यस्य च काल संगम् |
जानामि कार्यम् त्वयि यत् कृतम् नः
तत् च अपि जानामि यत् अत्र कार्यम् || ४-३३-५३
jaanaami kaaryasya ca kaala sa.ngam |
jaanaami kaaryam tvayi yat kR^itam naH
tat ca api jaanaami yat atra kaaryam || 4-33-53
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.53
“I am aware of the fury of Rama, the friend of champion of the monkeys, namely Sugreeva, I am also aware of the time lapse in the task, I am even aware of the folly we have committed, and what need be done in this matter, I am well aware. [4-33-53] .
तत् च अपि जानामि यथा अविषह्यम्
बलम् नरश्रेष्ठ शरीरजस्य |
जानामि यस्मिन् च जने अवबद्धम्
कामेन सुग्रीवम् अस्तकम् अद्य || ४-३३-५४
balam narashreShTha shariirajasya |
jaanaami yasmin ca jane avabaddham
kaamena sugriivam astakam adya || 4-33-54
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.54
“As to how the intensity of bodily pleasure-seeking will be highly intolerable, I am aware even of that, and I am equally aware of those female vanara-s with whom Sugreeva is now incessantly bound up with lust. [4-33-54]
The females with whom Sugreeva is bound up are his wives, and there may be a self-forgetting involvement but there is no illegitimacy in it. .
न काम तंत्रे तव बुद्धिः अस्ति
त्वम् वै यथा मन्यु वशम् प्रपन्नः |
न देश कालौ हि न च अर्थ धर्मौ
अवेक्षते काम रतिः मनुष्यः || ४-३३-५५
tvam vai yathaa manyu vasham prapannaH |
na desha kaalau hi na ca artha dharmau
avekshate kaama ratiH manuShyaH || 4-33-55
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.55
“Gauging by your mindset which is presently bridled by fury, you appear to be disinclined towards spells of sensualities, thus these aspects are past your comprehension. All right! If a man were to be voluptuary he will be inadvertent of place and time, isn’t it! Then, how about ethicalities, or rights and wrongs? [4-33-55] .
तम् काम वृत्तम् मम सन्निकृष्टम्
काम अभियोगात् च विमुक्त लज्जम् |
क्षमस्व तावत् पर वीर हन्तः
तव भ्रातर्म वानर वंश नाथम् || ४-३३-५६
kaama abhiyogaat ca vimukta lajjam |
kshamasva taavat para viira hantaH
tava bhraatarma vaanara vaMsha naatham || 4-33-56
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.56
“He who shunned decency because of the vehemence of randiness, oh, the eradicator of braving enemies, and he who is delighting in lust is consorted with me, ergo condone your brother-like Sugreeva, the protector of Vaanara dynasty. [4-33-56] .
महर्षयो धर्म तपोभिरामाः
कामा अनुकामाः प्रति बद्ध मोहाः |
अयम् प्रकृत्या चपलः कपिः तु
कथम् न सज्जेत सुखेषु राजा || ४-३३-५७
kaamaa anukaamaaH prati baddha mohaaH |
ayam prakR^ityaa capalaH kapiH tu
katham na sajjeta sukheShu raajaa || 4-33-57
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.57
“Esteemed sages who take delight in their holy merit and pious asceticism, they themselves will be closely following the course of their desire fulfilment when entangled in lust, then how about this one, namely Sugreeva, being an impulsive monkey, besides being a king, how he cannot wallow in enjoyments. [4-33-57]
There are numerous examples for this saying of Tara that great saints and sage are disturbed in the ascetic practises by womanly charms. For this Dharmaakuutam says: anena atyanta strii kaamuko dharma vibhrShTo bhavati it suucitam – anena maharShibhiH api apariharyaH kaamaH praakR^itaiH katham pari hartum shakya iti uktam – tathaa ca praaciinaaH – vishvaamitra paraashara prabhR^itayo vaata ambu parNa ashanaaH te api strii mukha pankajam sulalitam dR^iShTvaiva moham gataaH | dk ‘when the great sages like Vishvamitra and Paraashara, who thrive on air, water and leaves, sense the delicate scent of the face of a female, they are lured by those females…’ an ancient saying. .
इति एवम् उक्त्वा वचनम् महार्थम्
सा वानरी लक्ष्मणम् अप्रमेयम् |
पुनः स खेदम् मद विह्वलाक्षी
भर्तुर् हितम् वाक्यम् इदम् बभाषे || ४-३३-५८
saa vaanarii lakshmaNam aprameyam |
punaH sa khedam mada vihvalaakshii
bhartur hitam vaakyam idam babhaaShe || 4-33-58
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.58
She that vanara female Tara whose eyes are fluttery under the influence having said this way, she again picked up where she left off and sentimentally spoke this sentence to Lakshmana whose brunt is inestimable, in the interest of her husband’s wellbeing. [4-33-58] .
उद्योगः तु चिर आज्ञप्तः सुग्रीवेण नरोत्तम |
कांस्य अपि विधेयेन तव अर्थ प्रति साधने || ४-३३-५९
kaa.nsya api vidheyena tava artha prati saadhane || 4-33-59
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.59
“On the part of his endeavour in your task, oh, best one among men, he has ordered long before for its operation aiming to achieve your objective, despite of the fact that he is servile to overindulgence. [4-33-59] .
आगता हि महा वीर्या हरयः काम रूपिणः |
कोटि शत सहस्राणि नाना नग निवासिनः || ४-३३-६०
koTi shata sahasraaNi naanaa naga nivaasinaH || 4-33-60
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.60
“By all means, marvellously intrepid Vanara-s that are the residents of various mountains and that can change gusie just by their wish have come in hundreds, in thousands, in millions. [4-33-60] .
तत् आगच्छ महाबाहो चारित्रम् रक्षितम् त्वया |
अच्छलम् मित्र भावेन सताम् दरा अवलोकनम् || ४-३३-६१
acchhalam mitra bhaavena sataam daraa avalokanam || 4-33-61
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.61
“Hence oh, dextrous one, get inside the palace-chambers for you have been standing here at the door coyly unwilling to behold womenfolk inside, and enough is this upholding of tradition by you. Oh, come on, peering at the wives of friends with a friendly intent is not at all impolite for good-willers.” Thus Tara affectionately invited Lakshmana inside the palace-chambers. [4-33-61].
ताराया च अभ्यनुज्ञात त्वरया चा अपि चोदितः |
प्रविवेश महाबाहुः अभ्यंतरम् अरिन्दमः || ४-३३-६२
pravivesha mahaabaahuH abhya.ntaram arindamaH || 4-33-62
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.62
Welcomed by Tara and hastened by haste of his duty, that dextrous enemy-destroyer Lakshmana entered the select-chambers. [4-33-62] .
ततः सुग्रीवम् आसीनम् कांचने परम आसने |
महाअर्ह आस्तरणोपेते ददर्श आदित्य संनिभम् || ४-३३-६३
दिव्य आभरण चित्रांगम् दिव्य रूपम् यशस्विनम् |
दिव्य माल्यांबर धरम् महेन्द्रम् इव दुर्जयम् || ४-३३-६४
दिव्य आभरण माल्याभिः प्रमदाभिः समावृतम् |
संरब्धतर रक्ताक्षो बभूव अंतक संनिभः || ४-३३-६५
mahaaarha aastaraNopete dadarsha aaditya saMnibham || 4-33-63
divya aabharaNa citraa.ngam divya ruupam yashasvinam |
divya maalyaaMbara dharam mahendram iva durjayam || 4-33-64
divya aabharaNa maalyaabhiH pramadaabhiH samaavR^itam |
saMrabdhatara raktaaksho babhuuva a.ntaka saMnibhaH || 4-33-65
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.63,4.33.64,4.33.65
Lakshmana has then seen him who is seated like the Sun in firmament on a choicest golden seat which is elaborated with worthiest upholstery, whose body is remarkable besides being spruced up with excellent ornaments, who is wearing exquisite garlands and robes, who is glorious with a marvellous appearance and even appeared as an unconquerable as with Indra, and who is presently enwreathed with vanara-females who are also bedecked with precious ornamentation and garlands, and on seeing him Lakshmana with franticly bloodshot eyes appeared as the Terminator. [4-33-63, 64, 65] .
रुमाम् तु वीरः परिरभ्य गाढम्
वर आसनस्थो वर हेम वर्णः |
ददर्श सौमित्रिम् अदीन सत्त्वम्
विशाल नेत्रः स विशाल नेत्रम् || ४-३३-६६
vara aasanastho vara hema varNaH |
dadarsha saumitrim adiina sattvam
vishaala netraH sa vishaala netram || 4-33-66
Show Description: Sloka 4.33.66
Sugreeva whose complexion is like that of rich gold is seated on an exquisite seat tightly hugging his wife Ruma, and that brave one has seen Lakshmana whose quintessence is never-flinching, thus, that suspiciously wide-eyed Sugreeva made sheep eyes at the furiously broad-eyed Lakshmana. [4-33-66] .
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