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Srimad Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa | Yuddha Kāṇḍa ~ Sarga 4 of 128

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Yuddha Kanda : book of war || Total Sargas (or) Chapters: 128

Abstract: The battle in Lanka between the monkey and the demon armies of Rama and Ravana, respectively. After Ravana is defeated, Sita undergoes the test of fire, completes exile with Rama, and they return to Ayodhya to reign over the Ideal State.

Sarga (chapter): 4 of 128 || śloka (verses): 124

Yuddha Kanda Sarg 4 of 128: Audio pending upload....     
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Vālmīki (Sanskrit: वाल्मीकि)

Vālmīki (Sanskrit: वाल्मीकि)

Introduction

After hearing the report of Hanuma, Rama fixes an auspicious hour for the departure of his forces to Lanka and perceives good omens. The Army reaches the shores of the sea.

श्रुत्वा हनूमतो वाक्यम् यथावद् अनुपूर्वशः |
ततो अब्रवीन् महातेजा रामः सत्य पराक्रमः || ६-४-१
shrutvaa hanuumato vaakyam yathaavad anupuurvashaH |
tato abraviin mahaatejaa raamaH satya paraakramaH || 6-4-1


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.1

1. raamaH = Rama; mhaatejaaH = a very bright man; satyaparaakramaH = a true warrior; yathaavat = duly; shrutvaa = having heard; vaakyam = the words; hanumataH = of Hanuman; anupuurashaH = from the beginning; tataH = thereafter; abraviit = spoke (as follows).

Rama, a very bright man and a true warrior, having duly heard the words of Hanuman from the beginning, thereafter spoke as follows:

याम् निवेदयसे लंकाम् पुरीम् भीमस्य रक्षसः |
क्षिप्रम् एनाम् वधिष्यामि सत्यम् एतद् ब्रवीमि ते || ६-४-२
yaam nivedayase la.nkaam puriim bhiimasya rakShasaH |
kShipram enaam vadhiShyaami satyam etad braviimi te || 6-4-2


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.2

2. mathisya = I shall destroy; kshhipram = quickly; puriim = the city; laN^kaam = of Lanka; bhiimasya = of the terrible; rakshasaH = ogre; yaam = of which; nivedayase = you inform; braviimi = I am telling; te = you; etat = this; satyam = really.

“I shall destroy quickly Lanka, the city of that terrible ogre (Ravana), of which you just informed I am really telling this.”

अस्मिन् मुहूर्ते सुग्रीव प्रयाणम् अभिरोचये |
युक्तो मुहूर्तो विजयः प्राप्तो मध्यम् दिवा करः || ६-४-३
asmin muhuurte sugriiva prayaaNam abhirocaye |
yukto muhuurto vijayaH praapto madhyam divaa karaH || 6-4-3


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.3

3. Sugreeva = Oh; Sugreeva! Abhirochaya = be pleased; prayaaNam = for our march; asmin = at this; muhuurte = moment; yukto = a suitable; muhuurtaH = moment; vijayaH = for success; divaakaraH = the sun; praaptaH = reached; madhyam = the mid-day.

“Be pleased to approve our march at this moment, a suitable moment for success. The sun reached the mid-day.

सीताम् गृत्वा तु तद्यातु क्वासौ यास्यति जीवितः |
सीता श्रुत्वाभियानम् मे आशामेष्यति जीविते || ६-४-४
जीवितान्तेऽ मृतम् स्पृष्ट्वा पीत्वा विषमिवातुरः |
siitaam gR^itvaa tu tadyaatu kvaasau yaasyati jiivitaH |
siitaa shrutvaabhiyaanam me aashaameshhyati jiivite || 6-4-4
jiivitaante.a mR^itam spR^ishhTvaa piitvaa vishhamivaaturaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.4

4. tat = let that ogre; yaatu = go (to his abode); hR^itam = after kidnapping; siitaam = Seetha; kva = where; asau yaasyati = will he go; jiivitaH = alive? shrutvaa = hearing; me = of my; abhiyaanam = march; siitaa = Seetha; yaasyati = will get back; aashaam = her hope; aashaam = her hope; jiivite = in life; spR^isTvaa iva = like touching; amR^itam = ambrosia; aaturaH = by a sick man; piitvaa = having drunk; vishham = poison; jiivitaante = at the end of his life.”

“Let that ogre go (to his abode) after kidnapping Seetha. Where will he go alive? Hearing of my march to Lanka, Seetha will get back her hope in life, like a sick man having drunk poison touches ambrosia at the end of his life.”

उत्तरा फल्गुनी हि अद्य श्वस् तु हस्तेन योक्ष्यते || ६-४-५
अभिप्रयाम सुग्रीव सर्व अनीक समावृताः |
uttaraa phalgunii hi adya shvas tu hastena yokShyate || 6-4-5
abhiprayaama sugriiva sarva aniika samaavR^itaaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.5

5. adya = this; uttaraa phalguniihi = northern planet of Phalguni; yokshhyate = will be in conjunction; hastena = with the Hasta star; shvastu = tomorrow; abhiprayaama = let us depart; sarvaaniikasamaavR^itaH = with all the troops accompanying us; sugriiva = Oh; Sugreeva!

“This northern planet of Phalguni will be in conjunction with the Hasta star tomorrow. Hence, let us depart today itself with all the troops accompanying us, Oh, Sugreeva!”

निमित्तानि च धन्यानि यानि प्रादुर् भवन्ति मे || ६-४-६
निहत्य रावणम् सीताम् आनयिष्यामि जानकीम् |
nimittaani ca dhanyaani yaani praadur bhavanti me || 6-4-6
nihatya raavaNam siitaam aanayiShyaami jaanakiim |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.6

6. pashyaami = by seeing; nimittaani = the omens; yaani = which; praadurbhavanti = are becoming visible ; aanayishhyaami = I shall bring; siitaam = Seetha; jaanakiim = the daughter of Janaka; nihatya = by killing; raavaNam = Ravana.

“By seeing the omens which are becoming visible, I deduce that I shall bring back Seetha the daughter of Janaka, by killing Ravana.”

उपरिष्टाद्द् हि नयनम् स्फुरमाणम् इदम् मम || ६-४-७
विजयम् समनुप्राप्तम् शंसति इव मनो रथम् |
upariShTaadd hi nayanam sphuramaaNam idam mama || 6-4-7
vijayam samanupraaptam sha.nsati iva mano ratham |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.7

7. idam = this; mama = my; nayanam = eye; sphuramaaNam = which is twitching; uparishhTaat = is proclaiming as it were; manoratham = my desire; vijayam = of victory; samanupraaptam = coming nearer.”

“My eye which is twitching on the upper lid, is proclaiming as it were, my desire of victory coming nearer.”

ततो वाबरराहेब कज्श्मणेन सुपूजितः || ६-४-८
उवाच रामो धर्मात्मा पुनरप्यर्थकोविदः |
tato vaabararaaheba kajshmaNena supuujitaH || 6-4-8
uvaacha raamo dharmaatmaa punarapyarthakovidaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.8

8. tataH = Then; raamaH = Rama; dharmaatmaa = the virtuous man; arthakovidaH = versed in moral law; supuujitaaH = well adored; vaanararaajena = by Sugreeva the king of monkeys; lakshmaNena = and Lakshmana; punarapi = again; uvaacha = spoke (as follows).

Then Rama the virtuous man versed in moral law, who was well-adored by Sugreeva the king of monkeys and Lakshmana, again spoke as follows:-

अग्रे यातु बलस्य अस्य नीलो मार्गम् अवेक्षितुम् || ६-४-९
वृतः शत सहस्रेण वानराणाम् तरस्विनाम् |
agre yaatu balasya asya niilo maargam avekShitum || 6-4-9
vR^itaH shata sahasreNa vaanaraaNaam tarasvinaam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.9

9. niilaH = (let) Nila; vR^itaH = accompanied by; shatasahasreNa = a hundred thousand; tarasvinaam = strength; vaanaraaNaam = of monkeys; yaatu = go; agre = before; asya = this; balasya = army; avekshhitum = to explore; maargam = the way.

“Let general Nila accompanied by strength of hundred thousand warriors go before the army, to explore the way.”

फल मूलवता नील शीत कानन वारिणा |
पथा मधुमता च आशु सेनाम् सेना पते नय || ६-४-१०
phala muulavataa niila shiita kaanana vaariNaa |
pathaa madhumataa ca aashu senaam senaa pate naya || 6-4-10


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.10

10. niila = Oh; Nila; senaapate = the army-general! naya = steer; senaam = the army; aashu = speedily; pathaa = by the path; phalamuulavataa = abound with fruits and roots; shiitakaananavaariNaa = cool woods and fresh water; madhumataa = and honey.

“Oh Nila the chief of Army! Steer the army speedily by the path, abound with fruits and roots, cool woods and fresh water and honey.”

दूषयेयुर् दुरात्मानः पथि मूल फल उदकम् || ६-४-११
राक्षसाः परिरक्षेथास् तेभ्यस् त्वम् नित्यम् उद्यतः |
duuShayeyur duraatmaanaH pathi muula phala udakam || 6-4-11
raakShasaaH parirakShethaas tebhyas tvam nityam udyataH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.11

11. raakshhaasaaH = the demons; duraatmanaH = who are evil minded; duushhayeyuH = will spoil; muulaphalodakam = the roots; fruits and water; pathi = in the path; tvam = you; nityam = always; udyataH = try; parirakshhedhaaH = to protect; tebhyaH = from them.

“The evil-minded demons may spoil the roots, fruits and water in the path-way. You always try to be on you guard.”

निम्नेषु वन दुर्गेषु वनेषु च वन ओकसः || ६-४-१२
अभिप्लुत्य अभिपश्येयुः परेषाम् निहतम् बलम् |
nimneShu vana durgeShu vaneShu ca vana okasaH || 6-4-12
abhiplutya abhipashyeyuH pareShaam nihatam balam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.12

12. vanaukasaH = (let) the monkeys; abhiplutya = jump; nimneshhu = into low grounds; vanadurgeshhu = into places made inaccessible by forest-grores; vaneshhu cha = and into thickets; abhipashyeyuH = and notice; balam = the army; pareshhaam = of the enemies; nihitam = stationed there.

“Let the monkeys jump into law grounds, into places made inaccessible by forest-grores and into thickets and notice whether any rival forces are stationed there.”

यत्तु फल्गु बलम् किंचित्तदत्रैवोपपद्यताम् || ६-४-१३
एतद्धि कृत्यम् घोरम् नो विक्रमेण प्रयुज्यताम् |
yattu phalgu balam ki.nchittadatraivopapadyataam || 6-4-13
etaddhi kR^ityam ghoram no vikrameNa prayujyataam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.13

13. yat kimchit = whatever little; phalgu = of feeble; balam = force; tat = let it; upapadyataat = be present; atraiva = here itself; etat = this; naH = our; kR^ityam = operation; ghoram hi = is indeed dreadful; prayujyataam = let is be discharged; vikrameNa = daringly.”

“Let whatever little of feeble forces stay back in Kishkindha, as our operation will indeed be dreadful. It has to be discharged daringly.”

सागर ओघ निभम् भीमम् अग्र अनीकम् महाबलाः || ६-४-१४
कपि सिम्हा प्रकर्षन्तु शतशो अथ सहस्रशः |
saagara ogha nibham bhiimam agra aniikam mahaabalaaH || 6-4-14
kapi simhaa prakarShantu shatasho atha sahasrashaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.14

14. kapisimhaaH = let the best of monkeys; mahaabalaaH = with great strength; shatashaH = in hundreds; atha = and; sahasrashaH = in thousands; prakarshhantu = lead; bhiimam = the formidable; agraaniikam = front of the army; saagaraughanibham = which is akin to an oceanic stream.”

“Let the best of monkeys with great strength in hundreds and thousands lead the formidable of the army, which is akin to an oceanic stream.”

गजः च गिरि सम्काशो गवयः च महाबलः || ६-४-१५
गव अक्षः च अग्रतो यान्तु गवाम् दृप्ता इव ऋषभाः |
gajaH ca giri samkaasho gavayaH ca mahaabalaH || 6-4-15
gava akShaH ca agrato yaantu gavaam dR^iptaa iva R^iShabhaaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.15

15. gajashcha = (Let) Gaja; girisamkaashaH = who is equal to a mountain; gavayashcha = Gavaya; mahaabalaH = a very strong man; gavaakshhashcha = and Gavaksha; yaatu = march; agrataH = in front; gavaam iva = as in front of cows; dR^ipataH = a majestic; R^ishhabhaH = full.

“Let Gaja, equal to a mountain, Gavaya a very strong warrior and Gavaksha march in front, as a majestic bull marches in front of a cow-herd.”

यातु वानर वाहिन्या वानरः प्लवताम् पतिः || ६-४-१६
पालयन् दक्षिणम् पार्श्वम् ऋषभो वानर ऋषभः |
yaatu vaanara vaahinyaa vaanaraH plavataam patiH || 6-4-16
paalayan dakShiNam paarshvam R^iShabho vaanara R^iShabhaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.16

16. R^ishhabhaH vaanaraH = Let the monkey called Rishabha; plavataam patiH = lord of the simians; vaanararshhabhaH = and the best of the primates; yaatu = march forward; paalayan = guarding; dakshhinam = the right; paarshvam = side; vaanaravaahinyaaH = of the army of simians.

“Let the monkey called Rishabha, Lord of the simians and the best of the primates march forward, duly guarding the right side of the army of the simians.”

गन्ध हस्ती इव दुर्धर्षस् तरस्वी गन्ध मादनः || ६-४-१७
यातु वानर वाहिन्याः सव्यम् पार्श्वम् अधिष्ठितः |
gandha hastii iva durdharShas tarasvii gandha maadanaH || 6-4-17
yaatu vaanara vaahinyaaH savyam paarshvam adhiShThitaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.17

17. gandhamaadanaH = Let Gandhamaadna; tarasvii = with a strength; durdharshhaH = unconquerable; gandhahastiiva = like an elephant in rut; yaatu = proceed; adhishhThitaH = duly guarding; savyam = the left; paarshvam = side; vaanaravaahinyaaH = of the army of monkeys.

“Let Gandhamadana, with a strength unconquerable like an elephant in rut, proceed duly guarding the left side of the army of monkeys.”

यास्यामि बल मध्ये अहम् बल ओघम् अभिहर्षयन् || ६-४-१८
अधिरुह्य हनूमन्तम् ऐरावतम् इव ईश्वरः |
yaasyaami bala madhye aham bala ogham abhiharShayan || 6-4-18
adhiruhya hanuumantam airaavatam iva iishvaraH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.18

18. aham = I; adhiruhya = mounted; hanuumantam = on (the shoulders of) Hanuman; airaavatamiva = like on Airavata; iishvaraH = Indra; yaasyaami = will march; balamadhye = in the centre of my troops; abhiharshhayan = cheering balangham = the multitude of army.

“I myself, mounted on the shoulders of Hanuman, like Indra on Airavata, will march in the centre of my troops, duly cheering the multitude of army.”

अन्गदेन एष सम्यातु लक्ष्मणः च अन्तक उपमः || ६-४-१९
सार्वभौमेन भूत ईशो द्रविण अधिपतिस् यथा |
angadena eSha samyaatu lakShmaNaH ca antaka upamaH || 6-4-19
saarvabhaumena bhuuta iisho draviNa adhipatis yathaa |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.19

19. eshhaH lakshhmaNashcha = Let this Lakshmana; antakopamaH = like of the lord of Death; samyaatu = march; aNgadena = on the shoulders of Angada; saarvabhaumena yathaa = like on an elephant called Sarvabhauma; draviNaadhipatiH = Kubera the lord of Riches; bhuteshaH = and the sovereign of beings.

“Let this Lakshmana, resembling the lord of Death, march on the shoulders of Angada like Kubera the lord of riches and the sovereign of beings marches on an elephant called Sarvabhauma.”

जाम्बवामः च सुषेणः च वेग दर्शी च वानरः || ६-४-२०
ऋक्ष राजो महासत्त्वः कुक्षिम् रक्षन्तु ते त्रयः |
jaambavaamH ca suSheNaH ca vega darshii ca vaanaraH || 6-4-20
R^ikSha raajo mahaasattvaH kukShim rakShantu te trayaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.20

20. mahaasattvaH = let the highly strong; jaambavaanshcha = Jambavan; R^iksharaajaH = the lord of the bears; sushhenashcha = Sushena; vaanaraashcha = and the monkey; vegadarshhii = called Vegadarshi; te = those; trayaH = three; rakshhantu = guard; kukshim = the middle part.

Let the highly strong, Jambavan with Sushena and the monkey called Vegadarshi, all three, guard the middle part of the army.”

राघवस्य वचः श्रुत्वा सुग्रीवो वाहिनी पतिः || ६-४-२१
व्यादिदेश महावीर्यान् वानरान् वानर ऱ्षभः |
raaghavasya vacaH shrutvaa sugriivo vaahinii patiH || 6-4-21
vyaadidesha mahaaviiryaan vaanaraan vaanara RShabhaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.21

21. shrutvaa = having heard; vachaH = the words; raaghavasya = of Rama; sugriivaH = Sugreeva; vaahiniipatiH = commander of the forces; vaanararshhabhaH = the lion among monkeys; mahaaviiryaH = with great valour; vyaadidesha = gave orders; vaanaraam = to the monkeys.

“Hearing the words of Rama, Sugreeva with great valour, the commander of forces and the lion among monkeys gave orders to the monkeys accordingly.”

ते वानर गणाः सर्वे समुत्पत्य युयुत्सवः || ६-४-२२
गुहाभ्यः शिखरेभ्यः च आशु पुप्लुविरे तदा |
te vaanara gaNaaH sarve samutpatya yuyutsavaH || 6-4-22
guhaabhyaH shikharebhyaH ca aashu pupluvire tadaa |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.22

22. tadaa = then; sarve = all; te = those; vanaragaNaaH = troops of monkeys; mahaujanaaH = with great speed; samutpatya = together raised up; aashu = and quickly; pupluvire = bounced; guhaabhyaH = from caves; shikharebhyashcha = and peaks of mountains.

Then, all those troops of monkeys with great speed together raised up and quickly bounced from caves and mountain-tops.

ततो वानर राजेन लक्ष्मणेन च पूजितः || ६-४-२३
जगाम रामो धर्म आत्मा ससैन्यो दक्षिणाम् दिशम् |
tato vaanara raajena lakShmaNena ca puujitaH || 6-4-23
jagaama raamo dharma aatmaa sasainyo dakShiNaam disham |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.23

23. tataH = thereafter; raamaH = Rama; dharmaatmaa = the virtuous man; pujitaH = treated respectfully; vaanara raajena = by Sugreeva; lakshmaNena cha = and Lakshmana; jagaama = went; dakshhinam disham = towards southern direction; sa sainyaH = along with army.

Thereafter Rama the virtuous man, treated respectfully by Sugreeva and Lakshmana, moved towards southern direction, along with the army.

शतैः शत सहस्रैः च कोटीभिर् अयुतैर् अपि || ६-४-२४
वारणाभिः च हरिभिर् ययौ परिव्ऱ्तस् तदा |
shataiH shata sahasraiH ca koTiibhir ayutair api || 6-4-24
vaaraNaabhiH ca haribhir yayau parivRtas tadaa |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.24

24. tadaa = at that time; yayau = (Rama) went; parivR^itaH = surrounded; haribhiH = by monkeys; vaaraNaabhaiH = looking like elephants; shataiH = (numbering) the hundreds; shatasahasraiH = hundreds of thousands; kotibhishcha = and in crores.

At that time, Rama went surrounded by monkeys, looking like elephants, numbering in hundreds, hundreds of thousands and crores.

तम् यान्तम् अनुयाति स्म महती हरि वाहिनी || ६-४-२५
हृष्टाः प्रमुदिताः सर्वे सुग्रीवेण अभिपालिताः |
tam yaantam anuyaati sma mahatii hari vaahinii || 6-4-25
hR^iShTaaH pramuditaaH sarve sugriiveNa abhipaalitaaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.25

25. saa = that; mahatii = extensive; harivaahinii = army of monkeys; anuyaantii = followed; tam = Rama; yaantam = who was marching (along) sarve = all those (monkeys) paalitaaH = maintained; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; hR^ishhTaaH = were rejoicing; pramuditaaH = with delight

That extensive army of monkeys followed Rama who was marching in the lead. All those monkeys maintained by Sugreeva were rejoicing with delight.

आप्लवन्तः प्लवन्तः च गर्जन्तः च प्लवम् गमाः || ६-४-२६
क्ष्वेलन्तो निनदन्तः च जग्मुर् वै दक्षिणाम् दिशम् |
aaplavantaH plavantaH ca garjantaH ca plavam gamaaH || 6-4-26
kShvelanto ninadantaH ca jagmur vai dakShiNaam disham |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.26

26. plavangamaaH = the monkeys; plavantaH = jumping; aaplavantaH = overwhelmingly; garjantashcha = with roaring sound; kshhveLantaH = jest fully; ninadantashcha = playing (musical instruments) jagmuH vai = marched; dakshhinamdisham = towards southern direction.

The monkeys, jumping overwhelmingly with roaring sound and jest fully playing musical instruments (like trumpets) marched towards southern direction.

भक्षयन्तः सुगन्धीनि मधूनि च फलानि च || ६-४-२७
उद्वहन्तो महावृक्षान् मन्जरी पुन्ज धारिणः |
bhakShayantaH sugandhiini madhuuni ca phalaani ca || 6-4-27
udvahanto mahaavR^ikShaan manjarii punja dhaariNaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.27

udvahanto mahaavR^ikShaan manjarii punja dhaariNaH |

27. bhakshhayantaH = eating; sugandhiini = good-smelling; madhuuni = honeys; phalaanicha = and fruits; udvahantaH = carrying; mahaavR^ikshhaan = large branches; maJNjariipuJNjadhaariNaH = bearing clusters of blossoms in multitude.

They marched on, eating good-smelling honeys and fruits and carrying large branches bearing clusters of blossoms in multitude.

अन्योन्यम् सहसा दृष्टा निर्वहन्ति क्षिपन्ति च || ६-४-२८
पतन्तः च उत्पतन्ति अन्ये पातयन्ति अपरे परान् |
anyonyam sahasaa dR^iShTaa nirvahanti kShipanti ca || 6-4-28
patantaH ca utpatanti anye paatayanti apare paraan |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.28

28. dR^iptaaH = wild monkeys; nirvahanti = would lift up; kshhipanti = and throw; anyonyam = one another; sahasaa = all of a sudden; anye = some others; patntaH cha = were hanging down and utpatanti = flying upwards; apare = some others; paatayanti = were throwing down; paraan = others.

Wild monkeys would lift up and throw one another all of a sudden. Some others were hanging down and flying upwards. Some other monkeys were throwing down others.

रावणो नो निहन्तव्यः सर्वे च रजनी चराः || ६-४-२९
इति गर्जन्ति हरयो राघवस्य समीपतः |
raavaNo no nihantavyaH sarve ca rajanii caraaH || 6-4-29
iti garjanti harayo raaghavasya samiipataH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.29

29. harayaH = monkeys; samiipataH = nearer; raaghavasya = to Rama; iti garjanti = were roaring thus; naH = to us; raavanaH = Ravana; nihantavyaH = is worthy of killing; rajaniicharaashcha = and also demons; sarve = entirely.

Monkeys close to Rama were thus shouting, “To us, Ravana is worthy of killing and also the entire demons.”

पुरस्ताद् ऋषभ्हो वीरो नीलः कुमुद एव च || ६-४-३०
पथानम् शोधयन्ति स्म वानरैर् बहुभिः सह |
purastaad R^iShabhho viiro niilaH kumuda eva ca || 6-4-30
pathaanam shodhayanti sma vaanarair bahubhiH saha |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.30

30. R^ishhbhaH = Rishabaha; niilaH = Nila; kumuda eva cha = and also Kumuda; viiraH = the courageous; bahubhiH vaanaraiH = along with many monkeys; shodhayanti = were clearing up; paNthaanam = the path; purastaat = ahead.

Rishabha, Nila, and the courageous Kumuda along with many monkeys were clearing up the path ahead.

मध्ये तु राजा सुग्रीवो रामो लक्ष्मण एव च || ६-४-३१
बहुभिर् बलिभिर् भीमैर् व्ऱ्ताः शत्रु निबर्हणः |
madhye tu raajaa sugriivo raamo lakShmaNa eva ca || 6-4-31
bahubhir balibhir bhiimair vRtaaH shatru nibarhaNaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.31

31. raajaa = the king; sugriivaH = Sugreeva; raamaH = Rama; lakshmaNa eva cha = and Lakshmana; shatrunibarhaNaaH = the destroyers of enemies; vR^itaH = were moving; madhye = in the centre; bahubhiH = along with many monkeys; balibhiH = which are robust; bhiimaaH = and terrible.

Sugreeva the king of monkeys, Rama and Lakshmana the destroyers of enemies were moving in the centre along with many robust and terrible monkeys.

हरिः शत बलिर् वीरः कोटीभिर् दशभिर् वृतः || ६-४-३२
सर्वाम् एको हि अवष्टभ्य ररक्ष हरि वाहिनीम् |
hariH shata balir viiraH koTiibhir dashabhir vR^itaH || 6-4-32
sarvaam eko hi avaShTabhya rarakSha hari vaahiniim |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.32

32. viiraH = the heroic; shatabaliH = Satabali; hariH = the monkey; vR^itaH = who was accompanied by; dashabhiH = ten; kotibhiH = crores (of monkeys) avashhTabhya = standing firmly; ekaH = alone; abhirakshhati = guarded; harivaahiniim = the army of monkeys.

The heroic monkey satabali who was accompanied by ten crores of monkeys, standing alone firmly, guarded the whole army of monkeys.

कोटी शत परीवारः केसरी पनसो गजः || ६-४-३३
अर्कः च अतिबलः पार्श्वम् एकम् तस्य अभिरक्षति |
koTii shata pariivaaraH kesarii panaso gajaH || 6-4-33
arkaH ca atibalaH paarshvam ekam tasya abhirakShati |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.33

33. kesarii = Kesari; kotiishatapariivaaraH = with a retinue of a hundred crore; pansaH = Panasa; gajaH = Gaja; arkashcha = and Arka; bahubhiH = along with many monkeys; abhirakshhati = were protecting; ekam = one; paarshvam = flank (of that army).

Kesari with a retinue of a hundred crore, Panasa, Gaja and Arka along with many monkeys were protecting one flank of that army.

सुषेणो जाम्बवामः चैव ऋक्षैर् बहुभिर् आवृतः || ६-४-३४
सुग्रीवम् पुरतः कृत्वा जघनम् सम्ररक्षतुः |
suSheNo jaambavaamH caiva R^ikShair bahubhir aavR^itaH || 6-4-34
sugriivam purataH kR^itvaa jaghanam samrarakShatuH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.34

34. sushheNaH = Sushena; jaambavashchaiva = and Jambavanta; aavR^itaH = surrounded; bahubhiH = by many; R^ikshhaiH = bears; kR^itvaa = keeping; sugriivam = Sugreeva; purataH = in front; samrarakshhatuH = protected; jaghanam = the hinder part of the army.

Keeping Sugreeva in front, Sushena and Jambavanta surrounded by many bears, protected the hinder part of that army.

तेषाम् सेना पतिर् वीरो नीलो वानर पुम्गवः || ६-४-३५
सम्पतन् पतताम् श्रेष्ठस् तद् बलम् पर्यपालयत् |
teShaam senaa patir viiro niilo vaanara pumgavaH || 6-4-35
sampatan patataam shreShThas tad balam paryapaalayat |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.35

35. niilaH = Nila; teshhaam = their; senaapatiH = chief of the army; viiraH = the brave; vaanarapuN^gavaH = the best among monkeys; samyataH = the self-controlled; shreshhThah = the foremost; charataam = among movable beings; paryapaalayat = was protecting in every direction; tat = that; balam = army.

Nila their chief of the army, the brave and the best among monkeys, the self controlled and the foremost among movable beings, was protecting atha army in every direction.

वलीमुखः प्रजङ्घश्च जम्भोऽथ रभसः कपिः || ६-४-३६
सर्वतः च ययुर् वीरास् त्वरयन्तः प्लवम् गमान् |
valiimukhaH prajaN^ghashcha jambho.atha rabhasaH kapiH || 6-4-36
sarvataH ca yayur viiraas tvarayantaH plavam gamaan |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.36

36. valiimuukhaH = Valimukha; prajaNghashcha = Prajangha; jambhaH = Jambha; atha = and; rabhasaH = Rabhasa; kapiH = the monkey; yayuH = were moving; sarvataH = on all sides; tvarayantaH = urging forward; plavaN^gamaan = the monkeys.

Valimukha, Prajangha, Jambha and Rabhasa the monkey were moving on all sides, urging the monkeys forward.

एवम् ते हरि शार्दूला गच्चन्तो बल दर्पिताः || ६-४-३७
अपश्यंस् ते गिरि श्रेष्ठम् सह्यम् द्रुम लता युतम् |
सागर ओघ निभम् भीमम् तद् वानर बलम् महत् || ६-४-३८
evam te hari shaarduulaa gacchanto bala darpitaaH || 6-4-37
apashya.ns te giri shreShTham sahyam druma lataa yutam |
saagara ogha nibham bhiimam tad vaanara balam mahat || 6-4-38


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.37,38

37;38. te = those; harishaarduulaH = foremost among the monkeys; baladarpitaaH = proud of their strength; evam = thus; gachchhantaH = marching; apashyanta = saw; sahyam = the Sahya mountain; girishreshhTam = the best of mountains; girishataayutam = joined with many small mountains; saraamsi = lakes; suphullaani = fully abounding in flowers; varaaNi = eminent; taTaakaani cha = ponds.

Those foremost among the monkeys, proud of their strength, thus marching with the army, saw the Sahya mountain the best of mountains joined with many small mountains, lakes fully abounding in flowers and eminent ponds.

रामस्य शासनम् ज्ञात्वा भीमकोपस्य भीतवत् |
वर्जयन्नगराभ्याशांस्तथा जनपदानपि || ६-४-३९
सागरौघनिभम् भीमम् तद्वानरबलम् महत् |
निह्ससर्प महाघोषम् भीम वेग इव अर्णवः || ६-४-४०
raamasya shaasanam jJNaatvaa bhiimakopasya bhiitavat |
varjayannagaraabhyaashaa.nstathaa janapadaanapi || 6-4-39
saagaraughanibham bhiimam tadvaanarabalam mahat |
nihsasarpa mahaaghoSham bhiima vega iva arNavaH || 6-4-40


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.39,40

39;40. tat = that; mahat = large; vaanarabalam = army of monkeys; bhiimam = terrific; saagaraughanibham = like an ocean-flood; jJNyaatvaa = cognizing; shaasanam = the command; raamasya = of Rama; bhiima kopasya = which is frightfully enraged; bhiitavat = having terror-stricken; varjayat = abandoning; nagaraabhyaashaan = the vicinity of towns; tathaa = and; janapadaanapi = and even villages; niHsasarpa = marched; aarNavam iva = like an ocean; mahaaghoram = highly terrific; mahaaghoshham = with great hoaring sound.

That large army of monkeys, terrific like an ocean-flood cognizing the command of Rama which is frightfully enraging, having terror-stricken, abandoning the vicinity of towns and even villages, marched like a highly dreadful ocean with a great hoaring sound.

तस्य दाशरथेः पार्श्वे शूरास् ते कपि कुन्जराः |
तूर्णम् आपुप्लुवुः सर्वे सद् अश्वा इव चोदिताः || ६-४-४१
tasya daasharatheH paarshve shuuraas te kapi kunjaraaH |
tuurNam aapupluvuH sarve sad ashvaa iva coditaaH || 6-4-41


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.41

41. sarve = All; te = those; kapikuJNjaraaH = prominent monkeys; shuuraaH = which are valiant; aapupluvaH = were overwhelmingly jumping ahead; sadashvaaH iva = like fine horses; choditaaH = being whipped; paarshve = at the side; tasya daasharatheH = of that Rama.

All those prominent and valiant monkeys were overwhelmingly jumping ahead, like fine horses being whipped, at the side of that Rama.

कपिभ्याम् उह्यमानौ तौ शुशुभते नर ऋषभौ |
महद्भ्याम् इव संस्पृष्टौ ग्राहाभ्याम् चन्द्र भास्करौ || ६-४-४२
kapibhyaam uhyamaanau tau shushubhate nara R^iShabhau |
mahadbhyaam iva sa.nspR^iShTau graahaabhyaam candra bhaaskarau || 6-4-42


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.42

42. tau = those; narashhabhau = best among men (Rama and Lakshmana); uhyamaanau = being carried (on their shoulders); kapibhyaam = by two monkeys (Hanuman and Angada); shushubhaate = were effulgent; Chandra bhaaskarau = like the moon and the sun; samspR^ishhTau = having coming together in contact; mahadbhyaam = with two large; grahabhyaam = planets (Jupiter and Venus).

Rama and Lakshmana the best among men being carried on shoulders by Hanuman and Angada the two monkeys, were effulgent like the moon and the sun having come together in contact with two large planets (Jupiter and Venus).

ततो वानरराजेन लक्ष्मणेन सुपूजितः |
जगाम रामो धर्मात्मा ससैन्यो दक्षिणाम् दिशम् || ६-४-४३
तम् अन्गद गतो रामम् लक्ष्मणः शुभया गिरा |
उवाच प्रतिपूर्ण अर्थः स्म्ऱ्तिमान् प्रतिभानवान् || ६-४-४४
tato vaanararaajena lakshmaNena supuujitaH |
jagaama raamo dharmaatmaa sasainyo dakshiNaam disham || 6-4-43
tam angada gato raamam lakShmaNaH shubhayaa giraa |
uvaaca pratipuurNa arthaH smRtimaan pratibhaanavaan || 6-4-44


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.43,44

43. tataH = thereafter; raamaH = Rama; dharmaatmaa = the virtuous man; pujitaH = treat respectfully; vaanara raajena = by Sugreeva; lakshmaNena cha = and Lakshmana; jagaama = went; dakshhinam disham = towards southern direction; sa sainyaH = along with army; 44. lakshmaNaH = Lakshmana; puurNaarthapratibhaanavaan = with a fully meaningful presence of mind; aN^gadagataH = sitting on angada; uvaacha = spoke; shubhayaa = (the following) auspicious; giraa = words; paripuurNaartham = which were fully meaningful; am raamam = to that Rama.

Thereafter, Rama the virtuous man, treated respectfully by Sugreeva and Lakshmana, moved towards southern direction, along with the army. Lakshmana, with a fully meaningful presence of mind, sitting on Angada, spoke the following auspicious words which were fully meaningful, to Rama.

हृताम् अवाप्य वैदेहीम् क्षिप्रम् हत्वा च रावणम् |
समृद्ध अर्थः समृद्ध अर्थाम् अयोध्याम् प्रतियास्यसि || ६-४-४५
hR^itaam avaapya vaidehiim kShipram hatvaa ca raavaNam |
samR^iddha arthaH samR^iddha arthaam ayodhyaam pratiyaasyasi || 6-4-45


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.45

45. hatvaa = killing; raavanam = Ravana; kshhipram = fast; avaapya cha = and obtaining; vaidehiim = Seetha; hR^itaam = who was taken away; pratiyaasyasi = you will proceed; ayodhyaam = to Ayodhya; samR^iddhaartham = which is abundantly rich; samR^iddhaarthaH = having accomplished your purpose.

“Killing Ravana fast and obtaining Seetha who was taken away, you will proceed to Ayodhya which is abundant by rich, having accomplished your purpose.”

महान्ति च निमित्तानि दिवि भूमौ च राघव |
शुभान्ति तव पश्यामि सर्वाणि एव अर्थ सिद्धये || ६-४-४६
अनु वाति शुभो वायुः सेनाम् मृदु हितः सुखः |
mahaanti ca nimittaani divi bhuumau ca raaghava |
shubhaanti tava pashyaami sarvaaNi eva artha siddhaye || 6-4-46
anu vaati shubho vaayuH senaam mR^idu hitaH sukhaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.46

46. pashyaami = I am seeing; sarvaaNi = all; mahaanti = grand; shubhaanyeva = good; nimittaani = omens; artha siddhaye = self-evident; tava = for you; divi = in the sky; bhuumaucha = and the earth; raaghava = Oh; Rama! vaayuH = the wind; shivaH = which is favorable beneficial; mR^iduhitaH = gentle; sukhaH = and comfortable; anuvaati = is blowing alongside.

“I am seeing all grand good omens in the sky and the earth self-evident of your fulfillment, Oh Rama! The wind which is favorable, gentle beneficial and comfortable to the army is blowing alongside.”

पूर्ण वल्गु स्वराः च इमे प्रवदन्ति मृग द्विजाः || ६-४-४७
प्रसन्नाः च दिशः सर्वा विमलः च दिवा करः |
puurNa valgu svaraaH ca ime pravadanti mR^iga dvijaaH || 6-4-47
prasannaaH ca dishaH sarvaa vimalaH ca divaa karaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.47

47. ete = these; mR^igadvijaaH = beasts and birds; pravadanti = are uttering; puurNavalgusvaraaH = sonorous and sweet sounds; sarvaaH = all; dishashcha = the quarters; prasannaaH = are bright; divaakarashcha = even the sun; vimalaH = is clear.

“These beasts and birds are uttering sonorous and sweet sounds. All the quarters are looking bright. Even the sun is clear.”

उशना च प्रसन्न अर्चिर् अनु त्वाम् भार्गवो गतः || ६-४-४८
ब्रह्म राशिर् विशुद्धः च शुद्धाः च परम ऋषयः |
अर्चिष्मन्तः प्रकाशन्ते ध्रुवम् सर्वे प्रदक्षिणम् || ६-४-४९
ushanaa ca prasanna arcir anu tvaam bhaargavo gataH || 6-4-48
brahma raashir vishuddhaH ca shuddhaaH ca parama R^iShayaH |
arciShmantaH prakaashante dhruvam sarve pradakShiNam || 6-4-49


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.48,49

48;49. ushanaacha = the planet of Venus; prasannaarchiH = with its bright light; bhaargavaH = born from the sage Bhrigu ( a mind-born son of Brahma the creator) anugataH = is hanging behind; tvaam = you; brahmaraashiH = Dhruva; the very bright pole-star (which is recognized by the contiguity of the stars presided over by the seven Brahman Rishis); vishuddhaH = is becoming clear; sarve = all; shuddhaaH = the pure; paramrshayaH = great sages; archishhmantaH = having bright light; prakaashante = are shining; pradashhiNam = going round from left to right; dhR^ivam = of Dhruva star.

“The planet of Venus with its bright light, born from the sage Bhrigu (a mind-born son of Brahma the creator) is hanging behind you. Dhruva, the very bright pole-star (which is recognized by the contiguity of the stars presided over by the seven Brahmana sages) is becoming clear. All the pure great sages having bright light are shining are shining around Dhruva star.

त्रिशन्कुर् विमलो भाति राज ऋषिः सपुरोहितः || ६-४-५०
पितामह वरो अस्माकम् इष्क्वाकूणाम् महात्मनाम् |
trishankur vimalo bhaati raaja R^iShiH sapurohitaH || 6-4-50
pitaamaha varo asmaakam iShkvaakuuNaam mahaatmanaam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.50

50. raajarshhiH = the royal sage; trishaN^kuH = Trishanku; asmaakam = our; pitaamahaH = paternal grand father; mahaatmanaam = the high-souled; ikshhvaakuuNaam = Ikshvakus; vimalaH- is purely; bhaati = shining; puraH = in front; sapurohitaH = along with his family- priest.

“The royal sage Trishanku, our paternal grand father, born in the high-souled Ikshvaku dynasty, is purely shining (as a star) in front, along with his family-priest.”

विमले च प्रकाशेते विशाखे निरुपद्रवे || ६-४-५१
नक्षत्रम् परम् अस्माकम् इक्ष्वाकूणाम् महात्मनाम् |
vimale ca prakaashete vishaakhe nirupadrave || 6-4-51
nakShatram param asmaakam ikShvaakuuNaam mahaatmanaam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.51

51. vishaakhe = Vishakha stars; prakaashete = are shining; vimale = clearly; nirupadrave = without any evil influence; param = (this) supreme; nakshhatram = constellation; asmaakam ikshhvaakuuNaam = is of our Ikshvakus; mahaatmanaam = the high-souled.

“Visakha stars are shining clearly without any evil influence. This supreme constellation is of our Ikshvakus, the high-souled.”

नैरृतम् नैरृतानाम् च नक्षत्रम् अभिपीड्यते || ६-४-५२
मूलम् मूलवता स्प्ऱ्ष्टम् धूप्यते धूम केतुना |
nairR^itam nairR^itaanaam ca nakShatram abhipiiDyate || 6-4-52
muulam muulavataa spRShTam dhuupyate dhuuma ketunaa |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.52

52. nairR^itam = the Mula constellation; nairR^itaanaam = of the titans; abhipiiDyate = is badly aspected; muulaH spR^ishhTaH = in that Mula is touched; dhuumaketunaa = by a comet risen; muulavataa = with a tail of light; dhuupyate = and tormented by it.

“The Mula constellation of the titans is badly aspected, in that it is touched by a comet risen with a tail of light and tormented by it.”

सरम् च एतद् विनाशाय राक्षसानाम् उपस्थितम् || ६-४-५३
काले काल गृहीतानाम् नकत्रम् ग्रह पीडितम् |
saram ca etad vinaashaaya raakShasaanaam upasthitam || 6-4-53
kaale kaala gR^ihiitaanaam nakatram graha piiDitam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.53

53. sarvam = all; etat = this; upasthitam = has appeared; vinaashaaya = for the destruction; raakshasaanaam = of titans; nakshhatram = the star; kaalagR^ihiitaanaam = seized by death; grahapiiDitam = is oppressed by a planet; kaale = in its last hour.

“All this has come for the destruction of the titans, for, the star seized by death is oppressed by a planet in its last hour.”

प्रसन्नाः सुरसाः च आपो वनानि फलवन्ति च |
प्रवान्ति अभ्यधिकम् गन्धा यथा ऋतु कुसुमा द्रुमाः || ६-४-५४
prasannaaH surasaaH ca aapo vanaani phalavanti ca |
pravaanti abhyadhikam gandhaa yathaa R^itu kusumaa drumaaH || 6-4-54


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.54

54. aapaH = the waters; prasannaaH = are crystal-clear; surasaashcha = having good taste; vanaani = the woodlands; phalavanticha = are laden with fruit; gandhaaH = the fragrant air; na pravaanti = is not blowing; adhikaaH = much; drumaaH = trees; yathartukusumaaH = are bearing flowers according to the season.

“The waters are crystal-clear, with good taste. The woodlands are laden with fruit. The fragrant air is not blowing much. Trees are bearing seasonal flowers.”

व्यूढानि कपि सैन्यानि प्रकाशन्ते अधिकम् प्रभो |
देवानाम् इव सैन्यानि सम्ग्रामे तारकामये || ६-४-५५
एवम् आर्य समीक्ष्य एतान् प्रीतो भवितुम् अर्हसि |
vyuuDhaani kapi sainyaani prakaashante adhikam prabho |
devaanaam iva sainyaani samgraame taarakaamaye || 6-4-55
evam aarya samiikShya etaan priito bhavitum arhasi |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.55

55. kapisainyaani = the armies of monkeys; vyuuDhaani = formed into squadrons; adhikam = are highly; prakaashante = glittering; sainyaaniiva = like armies; devaanaam = of celestials; samgraame = in a battle; taarakaamaye = in which the demon Taraka was killed; aarya = Oh; venerable one! Arhasi = you are fit; bhavitum = to become; priitaH = delighted; samiikshya = on seeing; etat = this; evam = in such a manner.

“The armies of monkeys formed into different squadrons are looking highly splendid like the armies of celestials in the battle in which the demon Taraka was killed, Oh venerable one! Be pleased to see these good omens in this manner.”

इति भ्रातरम् आश्वास्य हृष्टः सौमित्रिर् अब्रवीत् || ६-४-५६
अथ आव्ऱ्त्य महीम् कृत्स्नाम् जगाम महती चमूः |
ऋक्ष वानर शार्दूलैर् नख दम्ष्ट्र आयुधैर् वृता || ६-४-५७
iti bhraataram aashvaasya hR^iShTaH saumitrir abraviit || 6-4-56
atha aavRtya mahiim kR^itsnaam jagaama mahatii camuuH |
R^ikSha vaanara shaarduulair nakha damShTra aayudhair vR^itaa || 6-4-57


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.56,57

56;57. hR^ishhTaH = the delighted; saumitriH = Lakshmana; abraviit = spoke; iti = thus; aashvaasya = cheering up; bhraataram = his brother; atha = then; harivaahinii = the army of monkeys; R^ikshhavaanara shaarduulaiH = consisting of excellent bears and monkeys; nakhadamshhTraayudhaiH api = having very nails and teeth as weapons; jagaama = marched; aavR^itya = covering; kR^itsnaam = the entire; mahiim = earth.

The delighted Lakshmana spoke thus, cheering up his brother. Then, the army of monkeys consisting of excellent bears and monkeys having their very nails and teeth as weapons, marched ahead, covering the entire earth.

कर अग्रैः चरण अग्रैः च वानरैर् उद्धतम् रजः |
भीमम् अन्तर् दधे लोकम् निवार्य सवितुः प्रभाम् || ६-४-५८
सा स्म याति दिवा रात्रम् महती हरि वाहिनी |
हृष्ट प्रमुदिता सेना सुग्रीवेण अभिरक्षिता || ६-४-५९
kara agraiH caraNa agraiH ca vaanarair uddhatam rajaH |
bhiimam antar dadhe lokam nivaarya savituH prabhaam || 6-4-58
saa sma yaati divaa raatram mahatii hari vaahinii |
hR^iShTa pramuditaa senaa sugriiveNa abhirakShitaa || 6-4-59


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.58,59

58;59. bhiimam = the aweful; rajaH = dust; uddhatam = raised; karaagraiH = by nails; charaNaagraiH = and elaws; vaanariaH = of monkeys; nivaarya = obscured; prabhaam = the splendor; savituH = of the sun; antardadhe = covered; lokam = the earth; saparvatavanaakaasham = comprising of mountains; forests and the atmosphere; bhiimaa = the colossal; harivaahinii = monkey-army; yayau = advanced; chhadayantii = encompassing; dakshhinam = the southern region; dyaamiva = like the sky; ambudasamtatiH = a mass of cloud.

The aweful dust raised by nails and claws of monkeys obscured the splendor of the sun and also covered the earth comprising of mountains forests and the atmosphere. The colossal monkey-army advanced, encompassing the southern region like a mass of cloud enveloping the sky.

उत्तरन्त्याश्च सेनायाः सततम् बहुयोजनम् |
नदीस्रोतांसि सर्वाणि सस्यन्दुर्विपरीतवत् || ६-४-६०
uttarantyaashcha senaayaaH satatam bahuyojanam |
nadiisrotaa.nsi sarvaaNi sasyandurvipariitavat || 6-4-60


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.60

60. senayaaH uttarantyaaH = while the army was crossing; sarvaaNi = the entire; nadiisrotaamsi = river-currents; satatam = uninterruptedly; sasyandaH = they flowed; vipariitavat = invertedly; bahuyojanam = for a distance of many yojanas.

While the army was crossing the entire river-currents uninterruptedly, the currents flowed invertedly for a distance of many yojanas.

सरांसि विमलाम्भांसि द्रुमाकीर्णांश्च पर्वतान् |
समान् भूमिप्रदेशांश्च वनानि फलवन्ति च || ६-४-६१
मध्येन च समन्ताच्च वनानि फलवन्ति च |
saraa.nsi vimalaambhaa.nsi drumaakiirNaa.nshcha parvataan |
samaan bhuumipradeshaa.nshcha vanaani phalavanti ca || 6-4-61
madhyena ca samantaacca vanaani phalavanti ca |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.61

1. mahatii = the mighty; chamuuH = army; samaavishat = entered thoroughly; saraamsi = into lakes; vimalaambhaamsi = containing clear water; parvataamshcha = mountains; drumaakiirNaan = full of trees; samaan bhuumi pradeshaamshcha = the plain-landed territories; vanaanicha = and woodlands; phalavanti = laden with fruits; saa = that army (entered); madhyena = from the middle; samantaat = from the four sides; tiryak = from across; adhashcha = and from under.

The mighty army entered thoroughly into lakes containing clear water, mountains full of trees, plain-landed territories and forests laden with fruits from the middle, from the four sides, from across and from under.

समावृत्य महीम् कृत्स्नाम् जगाम महती चमूः || ६-४-६२
ते हृष्टवदनाह् सर्वे जग्मुर्मारुतरम्हसः |
samaavR^itya mahiim kR^itsnaam jagaama mahatii camuuH || 6-4-62
te hR^iShTavadanaah sarve jagmurmaarutaramhasaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.62

62. mahatii = the gigantic; chamuuH = army; jagaama = marched; sammavR^itya = thoroughly covering; mahiim = the earth; te sarve = all of them; maarutaramhasaH = with a wind-like speed; jagmuH = went on; hR^ishhTavadanaaH = manifesting a joy in their faces.

The gigantic army marched, thoroughly covering the land. All of them with a wind-like aped went on, manifesting a joy in their faces.

हरयो राघवस्यार्थे समारोपितविक्रमाः || ६-४-६३
हर्षम् वीर्यम् बलोद्रेकाद्दर्शयन्तः परस्परम् |
यौवनोत्सेकजाद्दर्पाद्विविधांश्चक्रुरध्वनि || ६-४-६४
harayo raaghavasyaarthe samaaropitavikramaaH || 6-4-63
harSham viiryam balodrekaaddarshayantaH parasparam |
yauvanotsekajaaddarpaadvividhaa.nshchakruradhvani || 6-4-64


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.63,64

63;64. raaghavasyaarthe = for the sake of Rama; harayaH = the monkeys; samaaropita vikramaaH = with fully elevated pace; parasparam = mutually (vied with each other); darshayantaH = showed; balaodrekaat = high spirits; harshham = vigor; viiryam = and prowess; darpaat = out of pride; yauvanotsekajaat = born of prime youth; chakruH = (some made; vividhaan = various gestures; adhvani = on the way.

For the sake of Rama, the monkeys with fully elevated pace vied with each other in high spirits, vigor and prowess. Out of pride born of prime youth, some made various gestures on the way.

तत्र केचिद्द्रुतम् जग्मुरुत्पेतुश्च तथापरे |
केचित्किलकिलाम् चक्रुर्वानरा वनगोचराः || ६-४-६५
tatra keciddrutam jagmurutpetushcha tathaapare |
kecitkilakilaam cakrurvaanaraa vanagocaraaH || 6-4-65


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.65

65. kechit = some; vangocharaaH = wild; vaanaaraH = monkeys; tatra = there; jagmuH = went; drutam = rapidly; tathaa = in that manner; apare = some others; utpetushcha = hovered high; kachit = some; chakruH = made; kilakilaam = noises; sounding “kila! Kila!”.

Some wild monkeys there walked very speedily. In that manner, some others hovered highly. Some made noises, sounding “kila! kila!”.

प्रास्फोटयंश्च पुच्छानि सम्निजघ्नः पदान्यपि |
भुजान्विक्षिप्य शैलांश्च द्रुमानन्ये बभञ्जरे || ६-४-६६
praasphoTaya.nshcha pucchhaani samnijaghnaH padaanyapi |
bhujaanvikshipya shailaa.nshcha drumaananye babhaJNjare || 6-4-66


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.66

66. praasphotayan = (some) lashed; puchchhaani = tails; samnijaghnuH api = (some) even stamped; padaani = their feet; anye = some others; vikshhipya = stretching; bhujaan = their arms; babhaJNjire = broke off; shailaamshcha = rocks and; drumaan = trees.

Some monkeys lashed their tails. Some even stamped their feet. Some others, stretching their arms, broke off rocks and trees.

आरोहन्तश्च शृङ्गाणि गिरीणाम् गिरिगोचराः |
महानादान् प्रमुञ्चन्ति क्ष्वेडामन्ये प्रचक्रिते || ६-४-६७
aarohantashcha shR^iN^gaaNi giriiNaam girigocaraaH |
mahaanaadaan pramuJNcanti kshveDaamanye prachakrite || 6-4-67


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.67

67. girigocharaaH = (some) monkeys; aarohantashcha = ascended; shriN^gaaNi = the peaks; giriiNaam = of mountains; pramuJNchanti = and uttered; mahaanaadaan = huge noises; anye = some others; prachakrire = made; kshhveDaam = lion’s roars.

Some monkeys ascended mountain-peaks and uttered huge noises. Some others made lion’s roars.

ऊरुवेगैश्च ममृदुर्लताजालान्यनेकशः |
जृम्भमाणाश्च विक्रान्ता विचिक्रीडुः शिलाद्रुमैः || ६-४-६८
uuruvegaishcha mamR^idurlataajaalaanyanekashaH |
jR^imbhamaaNaashcha vikraantaa vicikriiDuH shilaadrumaiH || 6-4-68


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.68

68. mamR^iduH = (some) were crushing; anekashaH = many; lataajaalaani = webs of creepers; uuruvegaiH = by the jerks of their thighs; vikraantaaH = the valiant monkeys; vichikriiDuH = played; shilaadrumaiH = with rocks and trees; jR^imbhamaaNaaH = by stretching their limbs.

Some monkeys were crushing many webs of creepers by the jerks of their thighs. The valiant monkeys also played with rocks and trees, by stretching their limbs.

ततः शतसहस्रैश्च कोटिभिश्च सहस्रशः |
वानराणाम् सुघोराणाम् श्रीमत्परिवृता मही || ६-४-६९
tataH shatasahasraishcha koTibhishcha sahasrashaH |
vaanaraaNaam sughoraaNaam shriimatparivR^itaa mahii || 6-4-69


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.69

69. tataH = in that place; mahii = the land; parivR^itaa = was covered; shriimat = splendidly; shatasahasraishcha = by hundred of thousands; sahasrashaH = by thousands; kotibhiH = (and) crores; vaanaraaNaam = of monkeys; sughoraaNaam = who were very dreadful.

In that place, the land was covered splendidly by hundreds of thousands, by thousands and crores of monkeys, who were looking very dreadful.

सा स्म याति दिवारात्रम् महती हरिवाहिनी |
प्रहृष्टमुदिताः सर्वे सुग्रीवेणाभिपालिताः || ६-४-७०
वनरास् त्वरितम् यान्ति सर्वे युद्ध अभिनन्दनः |
मुमोक्षयिषवः सीताम् मुहूर्तम् क्व अपि न आसत || ६-४-७१
saa sma yaati divaaraatram mahatii harivaahinii |
prahR^iShTamuditaaH sarve sugriiveNaabhipaalitaaH || 6-4-70
vanaraas tvaritam yaanti sarve yuddha abhinandanaH |
mumokShayiShavaH siitaam muhuurtam kva api na aasata || 6-4-71


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.70,71

70;71. saa harivaahinii = that monkey-army; mahatii = which was extensive; yaatisma = was marching; divaaraatram = day and night; sarve = all; vaanaraaH = the monkeys; abhipaalitaaH = ruled; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; prahR^ishhTamuditaaH = were exceedingly pleased and cheerful; sarve = all; yaanti = were going; tvaritaaH = quickly; yuddhaabhinandinaH = rejoicing for war; siitaam pramokshhayishhavaH = those monkeys desirous of Seetha’s release; naavasan = did not halt; kvaapi = anywhere even muhuurtam = for a moment.

That extensive monkey-army was marching day and night. All the monkeys ruled by Sugreeva were exceedingly pleased and cheerful. All were marching quickly, rejoicing for war. Those monkeys desirous of Seetha’s release, did not halt even for a moment anywhere.

ततः पादप सम्बाधम् नाना मृग समाकुलम् |
सह्य पर्वतम् आसेदुर् मलयम् च मही धरम् || ६-४-७२
tataH paadapa sambaadham naanaa mR^iga samaakulam |
sahya parvatam aasedur malayam ca mahii dharam || 6-4-72


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.72

sahya parvatam aasedur malayam ca mahii dharam || 6-4-72

72. tataH = then; te vaanaraaH = those monkeys; aasaadya = reached; samaaruhan = and climbed up; sahyapaarvatam = mountain called sahya; paadapaasambaadham = with thick canopy of trees; naanaamR^igasamaayutam = and filled with many kinds of beasts.

Then, those monkeys reached and climbed up a mountain called sahya with a full canopy of trees and filled with many kinds of beasts.

काननानि विचित्राणि नदी प्रस्रवणानि च |
पश्यन्न् अपि ययौ रामः सह्यस्य मलयस्य च || ६-४-७३
kaananaani vicitraaNi nadii prasravaNaani ca |
pashyann api yayau raamaH sahyasya malayasya ca || 6-4-73


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.73

73. raamaH api = Rama too; yayau = went; pashyan = seeing; vichitraaNi = the wonderful; kaanaraani = woods; nadiiprasravaNaani = streams and cascades; sahyasya = of Sahya; malayasya cha = and Malaya mountains.

Rama too went along, seeing the wonderful woods, streams and cascades of Sahya and Malaya mountains.

चम्पकांस् तिलकामः चूतान् अशोकान् सिन्दु वारकान् |
तिनिशान् करवीरामः च तिमिशान् भन्जन्ति स्म प्लवम् गमाः || ६-४-७४
campakaa.ns tilakaamH cuutaan ashokaan sindu vaarakaan |
tinishaan karaviiraamH ca timishaan bhanjanti sma plavam gamaaH || 6-4-74


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.74

74. plavangamaaH = the monkeys; bhajanti sma = enjoyed; champakaan = Champaka; tilakaan = Tilaka; chuutaan = mango; prasekaan = praseka; sinduvaarakaan = Sinduvaara; tinishaan = Tinisa; karaviiraamshcha = and Karavira trees.

The monkeys enjoyed the fruits of Champaka, Tilaka, mango, Praseka, Sindnvaara Timisa and Karaveera trees.

अशोकांश्च करञ्जांश्च प्लक्षन्य्ग्रोधपादपान् |
जम्बूकामलकान्नागान् भजन्ति स्म प्लवङ्गमाः || ६-४-७५
ashokaa.nshcha karaJNjaa.nshcha plakshanygrodhapaadapaan |
jambuukaamalakaannaagaan bhajanti sma plavaN^gamaaH || 6-4-75


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.75

75. plavangamaaH = the monkeys; bhajanti sma = enjoyed; ashokaan = Ashoka; karJNjuumshcha = Karanja; plakshha = Plaksa; nyagrodha = Nyagrodha; paadapaan = trees; jambuka = Jambu; amalakaan = myrobalan; naagaan = and Naga trees.

The monkeys enjoyed Ashoka, Karanja, Plaksa, Nyagrodha, Jambu, myrobalan and Naga trees.

प्रस्तरेषु च रम्येषु विविधाः काननद्रुमाः |
वायुवेगप्रचलिताः पुष्पैरवकिरन्ति ताम् || ६-४-७६
prastareshhu cha ramyeshhu vividhaaH kaananadrumaaH |
vaayuvegapracalitaaH pushhpairavakiranti taam || 6-4-76


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.76

76. vividhaaH = different kinds; kaanana drumaaH = of forest trees; prastareshhu = standing on plateaus; ramyeshhu = which were lovely; vaayuvega prachalitaa = shaken by gust of winds; avakiranti = poured out; pushhpaiH = flowers; taan = on those monkeys.

Various kinds of forest-trees standing on enchanting plateaus, being shaken by gust of winds, poured out flowers on those monkeys.

मारुतः सुखसंस्पर्शोओ वाति चन्दनशीतलः |
षट्पदैरनुकूजद्भिर्वनेषु मधुगन्धिषु || ६-४-७७
maarutaH sukhasa.nsparshoo vaati candanashiitalaH |
ShaTpadairanukuujadbhirvaneshhu madhugandhishhu || 6-4-77


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.77

77. sukhasamprashaH = a soft-touching; maarutaH = breeze; chandanashiitalaH = (while) the bees; anukuujadbhiH = hummed; madhugandhishhu = in the nectar-scented; vaneshhu = woods.

A soft-touching breeze, refreshing as a sandal, blew while the bees hummed in the nectar-scented woods.

अधिकम् शैलराजस्तु धातुभिस्तु विभूसितः |
धातुभ्यः प्रसृतो रेणुर्वायुवेगेन घुट्टितः || ६-४-७८
सुमहद्वानरानीकम् चादयामास सर्वतः |
adhikam shailaraajastu dhaatubhistu vibhuusitaH |
dhaatubhyaH prasR^ito reNurvaayuvegena ghuTTitaH || 6-4-78
sumahadvaanaraaniikam chaadayaamaasa sarvataH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.78

78. shailaraajastu = (that) royal mountain; adhikam = was highly; vibhuushhitaH = adorned; dhaatubhiH = with minerals of red colour; reNuH = the dust; ghattitaH = blown; dhaatubhyaH = from the minerals; vaayu vegena = by the velocity of wind; prasR^itaH = coming forth; sarvataH = from all sides; chhaadayaamaasa = obscured; sumahat = the huge; vaanaraaniikam = monkey-army.

That royal Sahya Mountain was highly adorned with red-coloured metal. The dust blown from that metal by the velocity of wind, coming forth from all sides, obscured the huge monkey-army.

गिरिप्रस्थेषु रम्येषु सर्वतः सम्प्रपुष्पिताः || ६-४-७९
केतक्यः सिन्दुवाराश्च वासन्त्यश्च मनोरमाः |
माधव्यो गन्धपूर्णाश्च कुन्दगुल्माश्च पुष्पिता || ६-४-८०
चिरबिल्वा मधूकाश्च वञ्जुला वकुलास्तथा |
रञ्जकास्तिलकाश्चैव नागवृक्षश्च पुष्पिता || ६-४-८१
चूताः पाटलिकाश्चैव कोविदाराश्च पुष्पिताः |
मुचुलिन्दार्जुनाश्चैव शिंशपाः कुटजास्तथा || ६-४-८२
हिन्तालास्तिनिशाश्चैव चूर्णका नीपकास्तथा || ६-४-८३
नीलाशोकाश्च सरला अङ्कोलाः पद्मकास्तथा |
प्रीयमाणैः प्लवम्गैस्तु सर्वे पर्याकुलीकृताः || ६-४-८४
giriprastheshhu ramyeshhu sarvataH samprapushhpitaaH || 6-4-79
ketakyaH sinduvaaraashcha vaasantyashcha manoramaaH |
maadhavyo gandhapuurNaashcha kundagulmaashcha puShpitaa || 6-4-80
cirabilvaa madhuukaashcha vaJNjulaa vakulaastathaa |
raJNjakaastilakaashchaiva naagavR^ikshashcha puShpitaa || 6-4-81
chuutaaH paaTalikaashchaiva kovidaaraashcha puShpitaaH |
muchulindaarjunaashcaiva shi.nshapaaH kuTajaastathaa || 6-4-82
hintaalaastinishaashchaiva chuurNakaa niipakaastathaa || 6-4-83
niilaashokaashcha saralaa aN^kolaaH padmakaastathaa |
priiyamaaNaiH plavamgaistu sarve paryaakuliikR^itaaH || 6-4-84


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.79,80,81,82,83,84

79-84. ramyeshhu giriprastheshhu = on the lovely mountain-slopes; sarvataH = on all sides; samprapushhpitaaH = in blossom; sinduvaaraashcha = and sinduvara trees; manoramaaH = the charming; vaasantyaH = Vasanti; maadhavyaH = Madhavi creepers; pushhpitaaH = with flowers; gandha puurNaaH = full of scent; gulmaashcha = clumps; kunda = of jasmine; chiribilvaa = Chiribilva; madhukaashcha = Madhuka; vaNjula = Vanjula; tathaa = and; vakulaaH = Vakula; raNjakaaH = ranjaka; Tilakaashchaiva = and Tilaka; naagavR^ikshha = Nagavriksha; pushhpitaaH = in flower; chuutaaH = Mango; paatalikaashchaiva = patalika; kovidaaraashcha = Kovidara; pushhpitaaH = in flower; muchulinda = Muchulinda; arjunaashchaiva = Arjuna; shimshapaaH = Simsapa; tathaa = and; kuutajaaH = Kutaja; hintaalaaH = Hintala; tinishaashchaiva; and Tinisa; chuurNakaaH = Churna; tathaa = and; nipakaaH = Nipa; niilaashokaaH = blue Ashoka; saralaaH = Sarala; aN^kolaaH = Ankola; tathaa = and; padmakaaH = Padmaka; sarve = all those; paryaakuliikR^itaH = were crawled in excitement; plavaNgaiH = by the monkeys; priyamaNaiH = who were delighted.

On the lovely mountain slopes, in blossom on all sides, Ketaki and Sindhuvara trees, the charming Vasanti, Madhavi creepers with flowers full of scent, clumps of jasmine, Chiribila, Madhuka, Vanjula and Vakula, Ranjanka and Tilaka, Nyavriksha all in flower, Mango, Patalike, Kovidara in flower, Muchulinda, Arjuna, Simsapa and Kutaja, Hintala, Timisa, Chirna and Nipa, blue Ashoka, Sarala, Ankola and Padmaka all these trees were crawled in excitement by the monkeys who were delighted.

व्यास्तिस्मिन् गिरौ रम्याः पल्वलानि तथैव च |
चक्रवाकानुचरिताः कारण्डवनिषेविताः || ६-४-८५
प्लवैः क्रौञ्चे सम्कीर्णा वराहमृगसेविताः |
ऋक्षैस्तरक्षुभिः सिम्हैः शार्दूलैश्च भयावहैः || ६-४-८६
व्यालैश्च बहुभिर्भीमैः सेव्यमानाः समन्ततः |
पद्मेः सौगन्धिकैः पुल्लैः सेव्यमानाः समन्ततः || ६-४-८७
वारिजैर्विविधैः पुष्पै रम्यास्तत्र जलाशयाः |
vyaastismin girau ramyaaH palvalaani tathaiva ca |
chakravaakaanucharitaaH kaaraNDavanishhevitaaH || 6-4-85
plavaiH krauJNche samkiirNaa varaahamR^igasevitaaH |
R^ikshaistarakshubhiH simhaiH shaarduulaishcha bhayaavahaiH || 6-4-86
vyaalaishcha bahubhirbhiimaiH sevyamaanaaH samantataH |
padmeH saugandhikaiH pullaiH sevyamaanaaH samantataH || 6-4-87
vaarijairvividhaiH puShpai ramyaastatra jalaashayaaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.85,86,87

85-87. tatra = there (were); ramyaaH = delightful; vaapyaH = wells with stairs; tathaiva cha = and palvalaanicha = ponds; tasmin girau = in that mountain; chakravaakaanucharitaaH = sought after by chakravaka birds; kaaraNdavamishhevitaaH = visited by karandava birds; samikiirNaaH = crowded with; plavaiH = water-fowls; kraunchaishcha = and cranes; varaaha mR^igasevitaaH = frequented by boars and deer; sevyamaanaaH = visited; samantataH = on all sides; R^ikshhaiH = by bears; tarakshhubhiH = hyenas; simhaiH = lions; bahubhiH = by many; bhiimaaH = dreadful; shaarduulaishcha = tigers; ramyaaH = beautiful; jalaashayaaH = reservoirs of water; phullaiH = with blossoming; padmaiH = blue lotuses; saugandhikaiH = water lilies; tathaa = and; utpalaiH = black water lilies; vividhaiH = and various kinds; vaarijaiH = and various kinds; vaarijaiH = of aquatic; pushpaiH = flowers.

There were delightful wells with stairs and ponds in that mountain, sought after by chakravaka birds, frequented by karandava birds, crowded with water-fowls and cranes, visited by boars and deer, haunted on all sides by bears, hyenas, lions and many dreadful tigers. There were beautiful reservoirs of water with blossoming blue lotuses, water lilies, white water lilies, black water lilies and various other kinds of aquatic flowers.

तस्य सानुषु कूजन्ति नानाद्विजगणास्तथा || ६-४-८८
स्नात्वा पीत्वोदकान्यत्र जले क्रीदन्ति वानराः |
अन्योन्यम् प्लावयन्ति स्म शैलमारुह्य वानराः || ६-४-८९
tasya saanushhu kuujanti naanaadvijagaNaastathaa || 6-4-88
snaatvaa piitvodakaanyatra jale kriidanti vaanaraaH |
anyonyam plaavayanti sma shailamaaruhya vaanaraaH || 6-4-89


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.88,89

88-89. naanaadvijagaNaaH = various kinds of birds; kuujanti = sang; tasya saanushhu = in those mountain-peaks; vaanaraaH = monkeys; snaatvaa = bathed; jale = in water; piitvaa = drank; udakaani = water; kriidaani = (and) played; vaanaraaH = the monkeys; aaruhya = ascended; shiilam = the mountain; plaavayanti sma = and drenched with water; anyauyam = one over the other.

Various kinds of birds sang in those mountain-peaks. Monkeys bathed in water, drank those waters and played. They ascended the mountain and got drenched in water, by sprinkling water by one over the other among themselves.

फलानि अमृत गन्धीनि मूलानि कुसुमानि च |
बुभुजुर् वानरास् तत्र पादपानाम् बल उत्कटाः || ६-४-९०
phalaani amR^ita gandhiini muulaani kusumaani ca |
bubhujur vaanaraas tatra paadapaanaam bala utkaTaaH || 6-4-90


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.90

90. vaanaraaH = monkeys; madotkaTaaH = in mad rut; babhaJNguH = plucked; amR^itagandhiini = sweet-smelling; phalaani = fruits; muulaani = roots; kusumaani cha = and flowers; tatra = there.

Monkeys in mad rut plucked sweet-smelling fruits, roots and flowers there.

द्रोण मात्र प्रमाणानि लम्बमानानि वानराः |
ययुः पिबन्तो हृष्टास् ते मधूनि मधु पिन्गलाः || ६-४-९१
droNa maatra pramaaNaani lambamaanaani vaanaraaH |
yayuH pibanto hR^iShTaas te madhuuni madhu pingalaaH || 6-4-91


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.91

91. te vaanaraaH = those monkeys; madhupiN^galaaH = in reddish-brown colour as honey; pibantaH = drinking; madhuuni = honey; lambamaanaani = from hanging honeycombs; droNamaatra pramaaNaani = weighing about a maund each; yayuH = went on; svasthaaH = cheerfully.

Those monkeys, in reddish brown colour like honey, drinking honey from honey-combs weighing about a maund each, went on cheerfully.

पादपान् अवभन्जन्तो विकर्षन्तस् तथा लताः |
विधमन्तो गिरि वरान् प्रययुः प्लवग ऋषभाः || ६-४-९२
paadapaan avabhanjanto vikarShantas tathaa lataaH |
vidhamanto giri varaan prayayuH plavaga R^iShabhaaH || 6-4-92


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.92

92. plavagarshhabhaaH = those foremost among the monkeys; prayayuH = marched; avabhaJNjantaH = breaking off; paadapaan = trees; tathaa = and vikarshhantaH = pulling along; lataaH = creepers; vidhamantaH = throwing away; girivaraan = excellent mountains.

Those foremost among the monkeys marched, breaking off trees, pulling along creepers and throwing away excellent mountains.

वृक्षेभ्यो अन्ये तु कपयो नर्दन्तो मधु दर्पिताः |
अन्ये वृक्षान् प्रपद्यन्ते प्रपतन्ति अपि च अपरे || ६-४-९३
vR^ikShebhyo anye tu kapayo nardanto madhu darpitaaH |
anye vR^ikShaan prapadyante prapatanti api ca apare || 6-4-93


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.93

93. anye = some other; kapayaH = monkeys; madhudarpitaaH = well-pleased with honey; vR^ikshhebhyaH = from trees; nadantaH = yelled loudly; anye = some others; prapadyante = reached; vR^ikshhaan = trees(to get honey); apare = some others; prapibanti = were drinking excessively.

Some other monkeys, well-pleased with honey got from trees, yelled loudly. Some others reached trees to get honey. Some others were drinking honey excessively.

बभूव वसुधा तैस् तु सम्पूर्णा हरि पुम्गवैः |
यथा कमल केदारैः पक्वैर् इव वसुम् धरा || ६-४-९४
babhuuva vasudhaa tais tu sampuurNaa hari pumgavaiH |
yathaa kamala kedaaraiH pakvair iva vasum dharaa || 6-4-94


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.94

94. vasundharaa = the earth; sampuurNaa = filled; taiH haripuNgavaiH = with those excellent monkeys; babhuuva = was; vasundharaa yathaiva = like land; kalamakedaaraiH = (filled with) fields of paddy; pakvaiH = which were ripened.

The earth filled with those excellent monkeys, was like land filled with ripened fields of paddy.

महाइन्द्रम् अथ सम्प्राप्य रामो राजीव लोचनः |
अध्यारोहन् महाबाहुः शिखरम् द्रुम भूषितम् || ६-४-९५
mahaaindram atha sampraapya raamo raajiiva locanaH |
adhyaarohan mahaabaahuH shikharam druma bhuuShitam || 6-4-95


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.95

95. atha = then; raamaH = Rama; raajiivalochanaH = the lotus-eyed; mahaa baahuH = and the mighty armed; sampraapya = reached; mahendram = Mahendra mountain; aaruroha = ascended; shikharam = (its) top; druma bhuushhitaam = adorned with trees.

Then, the lotus-eyed and the mighty-armed Rama reached Mahendra mountain and ascended its top, adorned with trees.

ततः शिखरम् आरुह्य रामो दशरथ आत्मजः |
कूर्म मीन समाकीर्णम् अपश्यत् सलिल आशयम् || ६-४-९६
tataH shikharam aaruhya raamo dasharatha aatmajaH |
kuurma miina samaakiirNam apashyat salila aashayam || 6-4-96


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.96

96. tataH = Then; raamaH = Rama; dasharathaatmajaH = son of Dasaratha; aaruuhya = mounted; shikharam = the peak; apashyat = and saw; salilaakulam = an ocean ruffled with water; kuurma mina samaakiirNam = scattered well with turtles and fishes.

Then, Rama the son of Dasartha mounted the peak and saw an ocean ruffled with water and scattered well with turtles and fishes.

ते सह्यम् समतिक्रम्य मलयम् च महागिरिम् |
आसेदुर् आनुपूर्व्येण समुद्रम् भीम निह्स्वनम् || ६-४-९७
te sahyam samatikramya malayam ca mahaagirim |
aasedur aanupuurvyeNa samudram bhiima nihsvanam || 6-4-97


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.97

97. te = they; samatikramya = crossed; sahyam = Sahya mountain; maalyam cha = and Malaya; mahaagirim = the large mountain; aanupuurvyeNa = (and) systematically; aaseduH = approached; samudram = the ocean; bhiimaniHsvanam = having terrific sound.

They crossed Sahya mountain and Malaya mountain and systematically approached the ocean having terrific sound.

अवरुह्य जगाम आशु वेला वनम् अनुत्तमम् |
रामो रमयताम् श्रेष्ठः ससुग्रीवः सलक्ष्मणः || ६-४-९८
avaruhya jagaama aashu velaa vanam anuttamam |
raamo ramayataam shreShThaH sasugriivaH salakShmaNaH || 6-4-98


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.98

98. raamaH = Rama; shreshhTaH = the foremost; ramayataam = of those who entrance the mind; sasugriivaH = along with Sugreeva; sa lakshmaNaH = and Lakshmana; avaruhya = descended; aashu = quickly; jagaama = and went; anuttamam = to the excellent; velaavanam = woodland adjoining the sea.

Rama the foremost of those who entrance the mind, together with Sugreeva and Lakshmana quickly descended the mountain and went to the excellent woodland adjoining the sea.

अथ धौत उपल तलाम् तोय ओघैः सहसा उत्थितैः |
वेलाम् आसाद्य विपुलाम् रामो वचनम् अब्रवीत् || ६-४-९९
atha dhauta upala talaam toya oghaiH sahasaa utthitaiH |
velaam aasaadya vipulaam raamo vacanam abraviit || 6-4-99


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.99

99. atha = then; raamaH = Rama; aasaadya = reached; vipulaam = the extensive; velaam = ocean; dhautopalatalaam = with rocks underneath washed by floods of water risen vehemently and spoke these words.

Then Rama reached the extensive ocean with rocks underneath washed by floods of water risen vehemently and spoke these words.

एते वयम् अनुप्राप्ताः सुग्रीव वरुण आलयम् |
इह इदानीम् विचिन्ता सा या न पूर्वम् समुत्थिता || ६-४-१००
ete vayam anupraaptaaH sugriiva varuNa aalayam |
iha idaaniim vicintaa saa yaa na puurvam samutthitaa || 6-4-100


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.100

100. Sugreeva = “Oh; Sugreeva! ete vayam = (these) we; samanupraaptaa = reached; varuNaalayam = the sea; saa = that; vichintaa = anxious thinking; yaa = which; puurvam = (we had) earlier; upasthitaa = has come; idaaniim = now; naH = to us; iha = here.

“Oh, Sugreeva! We have reached the abode of Varuna. We should consider now the matter (of how to cross the ocean) with which we were formerly preoccupied.”

अतः परम् अतीरो अयम् सागरः सरिताम् पति |
न च अयम् अनुपायेन शक्यस् तरितुम् अर्णवः || ६-४-१०१
ataH param atiiro ayam saagaraH saritaam pati |
na ca ayam anupaayena shakyas taritum arNavaH || 6-4-101


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.101

101. ayam saagaraH = this ocean; saritaam patiH = the lord of rivers; atiiraH = has no shore; ataHparam = beyond; ayam = this; aarNavaH = ocean; ashakyam = is impossible; taritum = to cross; anupaayena = without a strategy.

“This ocean, the lord of Rivers, is shore less beyond. This sea is impossible to be crossed without a proper strategy.”

तद् इह एव निवेशो अस्तु मन्त्रः प्रस्तूयताम् इह |
यथा इदम् वानर बलम् परम् पारम् अवाप्नुयात् || ६-४-१०२
tad iha eva nivesho astu mantraH prastuuyataam iha |
yathaa idam vaanara balam param paaram avaapnuyaat || 6-4-102


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.102

102. tat = for that reason; ihaiva = let here only; astu = be; niveshaH = the military assembly; prastuuyataam = let us discuss; iha = here; mantraH = the plan; yathaa = how; idam = this; vaanarabalam = monkey-army; avaapnuyaat = will reach; param paaram = the other shore.

“For this reason, let the military be assembled here only. Here, let us discuss the plan how this military of monkeys will reach the other shore.”

इति इव स महाबाहुः सीता हरण कर्शितः |
रामः सागरम् आसाद्य वासम् आज्ञापयत् तदा || ६-४-१०३
iti iva sa mahaabaahuH siitaa haraNa karshitaH |
raamaH saagaram aasaadya vaasam aaGYaapayat tadaa || 6-4-103


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.103

103. saH raamaH = that Rama; mahaabaahuH = the mighty armed; siitaapaharaNakarshitaH = emaciated due to taking away of Seetha; tadaa = then; aasaadya = reached; saagaram = the sea; aaJNyaapayat = and orderd; iiva = thus vasam = for the halt (there).

Rama, the mighty armed, emaciated due to taking away of Seetha, then reached the sea and ordered thus for the halt of the army there.

सर्वाः सेना निवेश्यन्ताम् वेलायाम् हरिपुङ्गव |
सम्प्राप्तो मन्त्र कालो नः सागरस्य इह लन्घने || ६-४-१०४
sarvaaH senaa niveshyantaam velaayaam haripuN^gava |
sampraapto mantra kaalo naH saagarasya iha langhane || 6-4-104


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.104

104. haripuNgava = Sugreeva! sarvaaH = (let) all; senaaH = the army; niveshyantaam = be stationed; velaayaam = at the sea-shore; iha = here; naH = for us; mantrakaalaH = the time for thinking; sampraaptaH = has come; laN^ghane = (about) crossing; saagarasya = of the ocean.

“Let all the army be stationed at the sea-shore, Sugreeva! Here, the time has come for us to think about the subject of crossing the ocean.”

स्वाम् स्वाम् सेनाम् समुत्स्ऱ्ज्य मा च कश्चित् कुतो व्रजेत् |
गच्चन्तु वानराः शूरा ज्ञेयम् चन्नम् भयम् च नः || ६-४-१०५
svaam svaam senaam samutsRjya maa ca kashcit kuto vrajet |
gacchantu vaanaraaH shuuraa GYeyam channam bhayam ca naH || 6-4-105


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.105

105. maa cha kashchit = let not anyone; vrajet = slip away; kutaH = in any direction; samutsR^ijya = leaving; svaam svaam = his own respective; senaam = army; JNeyamcha = It should be known; chhannam = (whether there is) hidden; bhayam = danger; naH = for us; shuuraaH = (let) valiant; vanaraaH = monkeys; gacchhantu = go.

“Let not anyone slip away in any direction, leaving his respective unit of army. Let valiant monkeys make a more and it should be known whether there is a hidden danger for us.”

रामस्य वचनम् श्रुत्वा सुग्रीवः सह लक्ष्मणः |
सेनाम् न्यवेशयत् तीरे सागरस्य द्रुम आयुते || ६-४-१०६
raamasya vacanam shrutvaa sugriivaH saha lakShmaNaH |
senaam nyaveshayat tiire saagarasya druma aayute || 6-4-106


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.106

106. shrutvaa = hearing; raamasya = Rama’s; vachanam = words; sugriivaH = Sugreeva; sahalakshhmaNaH = along with Lakshmana; niveshayat = halted; senaam = the army; saagarasya tire = at the sea-shore; drumaaynte = stretched with trees.

Hearing Rama’s words, Sugreeva along with Lakshmana made the army to halt at the sea-shore, stretched with trees.

विरराज समीपस्थम् सागरस्य तु तद् बलम् |
मधु पाण्डु जलः श्रीमान् द्वितीय इव सागरः || ६-४-१०७
viraraaja samiipastham saagarasya tu tad balam |
madhu paaNDu jalaH shriimaan dvitiiya iva saagaraH || 6-4-107


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.107

107. tat = that; balam = army; samiipastham = sationed at the vicinity; saagarasya = of the ocean; viraraaja = shined; dvitiiya saagaraH iva = like a second ocean; shriimaan = splendid; madhupaaNdujalaH = with yellowish white honey-coloured water.

That army, stationed at the vicinity of the ocean, shined like a second ocean splendid with yellowish white honey-coloured water.

वेला वनम् उपागम्य ततस् ते हरि पुम्गवाः |
विनिविष्टाः परम् पारम् कान्क्षमाणा महाउदधेः || ६-४-१०८
velaa vanam upaagamya tatas te hari pumgavaaH |
viniviShTaaH param paaram kaankShamaaNaa mahaaudadheH || 6-4-108


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.108

108. tataH = there; te = those; haripuNgavaiH = foremost of monkeys; upaagamya = reached; velaavanam = the woodlands at shore; nivishhTaashcha = and settled down; kaankshhamaaNaaH = desiring; parampaaram = the other shore; mahodadhe = of the vast sea.

There, those foremost of monkeys reached the woodlands at the shore and settled down, desiring to reach the other shore of the vast sea.

तेषाम् निविशमानानाम् सैन्यसम्नाहनिःस्वनः |
अन्तर्धाय महानादमर्णवस्य प्रशुश्रुवे || ६-४-१०९
teShaam nivishamaanaanaam sainyasamnaahaniHsvanaH |
antardhaaya mahaanaadamarNavasya prashushruve || 6-4-109


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.109

109. teshhaam = (while) those monkeys; nivishamaanaanaam = were halting there; sainya samnaahaniHsvanaH = the sound created out of their movement; prashushruve = was well-heard; antardhaaya = concealing; mahaanaadam = the roar; aarNavasya = of the sea.

While all the monkeys were halting there, the noise created out of their movement was dominantly heard, concealing the roar of the sea.

सा महाअर्णवम् आसाद्य ह्ऱ्ष्टा वानर वाहिनी |
त्रिधा निविष्टा महती रामस्यार्थपराभवत् || ६-४-११०
saa mahaaarNavam aasaadya hRShTaa vaanara vaahinii |
tridhaa niviShTaa mahatii raamasyaarthaparaabhavat || 6-4-110


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.110

110. saa = that; dhvajinii = army; vaanaraaNaam = of the monkeys; abhipaalitaaH = ruled; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; nivishhTaa = stationed; tridhaa = as three divisions; abhavat = were dedicated; arthaparaa = to the cause; raamasya = of Rama.

That army of the monkeys ruled by Sugreeva, stationed as three divisios (viz. 1. bears 2. long tailed monkes and 3. monkeys) looked fully dedicated to the cause of Rama.

सा महार्णवमासाद्य हृष्टा वानरवाहिनी |
वायु वेग समाधूतम् पश्यमाना महाअर्णवम् || ६-४-१११
saa mahaarNavamaasaadya hR^iShTaa vaanaravaahinii |
vaayu vega samaadhuutam pashyamaanaa mahaaarNavam || 6-4-111


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.111

111. saa = that; harivaahinii = army of monkeys; aasaadya = reached; mahaarNavam = the mighty ocean; hR^ishhTaam = (and) was delighted; pashyamaanaa = to see; mahaarNavam = the mighty ocean; vaayuvega samaadhuutam = being diffused by the velocity of wind.

That army of monkeys reached the mighty ocean and was delighted to behold the mighty ocean being diffused by the velocity of wind.

दूर पारम् असम्बाधम् रक्षो गण निषेवितम् |
पश्यन्तो वरुण आवासम् निषेदुर् हरि यूथपाः || ६-४-११२
duura paaram asambaadham rakSho gaNa niShevitam |
pashyanto varuNa aavaasam niShedur hari yuuthapaaH || 6-4-112


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.112

112. pashyantaH = seeing; varuNaavaasam = the abode of Varuna (sea); asambaadham = which was boundless; duurapaaram = and having the opposite shore far off; rakshhogaNanishhevitam = inhabited by a number of demons; hariyuuthapaaH = the monkey- troups; nishheduH = sat down (there).

Seeing the sea, the abode of Varuna, which was boundless and having the opposite shore far off, inhabitd by a number of demons, the monkey-troups sat down there.

चण्ड नक्र ग्रहम् घोरम् क्षपा आदौ दिवस क्षये |
हसन्तमिव फेनौघैर्नृत्यन्तमिव चोर्मिभिः || ६-४-११३
caNDa nakra graham ghoram kShapaa aadau divasa kShaye |
hasantamiva phenaughairnR^ityantamiva cormibhiH || 6-4-113


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.113

113. divasakshhaye = at the end of the day; kshhapaadau = and at the beginning of the night; phenaaghaiH = with its foaming waves; hasanamiva = (that ocean) appeared to laugh; nR^ityantamiva = and dance; ghoram = with ferocity; chaN^danakragraham = of fierce alligators and crocodiles.

Rendered appalling by the ferocity of fierce alligators and crocodiles, that ocen with its foaming waves at the end of the day and at the beginning of the night, appeared to laugh and dance.

चन्द्र उदये समाधूतम् प्रतिचन्द्र समाकुलम् |
चण्ड अनिल महाग्राहैः कीर्णम् तिमि तिमिम्गिलैः || ६-४-११४
candra udaye samaadhuutam praticandra samaakulam |
caNDa anila mahaagraahaiH kiirNam timi timimgilaiH || 6-4-114


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.114

114. samudbhuutam = (the ocean) surged; chandrodaye = when the moon rose; pratichandra samaakulam = the image of moon was reflected limitlessly in it; kiirNam = (It was) full of chaNDaanilamahaagraahaiH = huge alligators swift as fierce winds; timitimNgalaiH = whales and great fish.

The ocean surged, when the moon rose. The image of moon was reflected limitlessly in it. The sea was full of huge alligators swift as fierce winds along with whales and great fish.

दीप्त भोगैर् इव आक्रीर्णम् भुजम्गैर् वरुण आलयम् |
अवगाढम् महासत्तैर् नाना शैल समाकुलम् || ६-४-११५
सुदुर्गम् द्रुगम् अमार्गम् तम् अगाधम् असुर आलयम् |
diipta bhogair iva aakriirNam bhujamgair varuNa aalayam |
avagaaDham mahaasattair naanaa shaila samaakulam || 6-4-115
sudurgam drugam amaargam tam agaadham asura aalayam |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.115

115. varuNaalayam = the sea; abode of Varuna; aakiirNam = was filled with bhujaNgaiH = serpants; diiptabhogairiva = bestowed with flaming hoods; avagaaDham = plunged; mahaasattvaiH = with mighty aquatic creatures; naanaashaila samaakulam = abounding; in various types of mountains; sudurgam = too difficult to cross; durgamaargam = with a path; tam agaadham = which is inaccessible suffocatingly fathomless; asuraalayam = and an abode of demons.

That sea, the abode of Varuna was filled with serpents bestowed with flaming hoods, plunged with mighty aquatic creatures, abounding in various types of mountains, too difficult to cross, with an inaccessible path, suffocationly fathomless and an abode of demons.

मकरैर् नाग भोगैः च विगाढा वात लोहिताः || ६-४-११६
उत्पेतुः च निपेतुः च प्रवृद्धा जल राशयः |
makarair naaga bhogaiH ca vigaaDhaa vaata lohitaaH || 6-4-116
utpetuH ca nipetuH ca pravR^iddhaa jala raashayaH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.116

116. pravR^iddhaa = increasing; jalaraashayaH = waves; makaraaH = (in which) sharks; naagabhogaishcha = and bodies of serpants; vigaaDhaaH = swarmed; utpetushcha = rose; nipetushcha = and fell; vaatalolitaaH = whipped into motion by the breeze.

Increasing waves of the sea in which sharks and bodies of serpents swarmed, rose and fell whipped into motion by the breeze.

अग्नि चूर्णम् इव आविद्धम् भास्कर अम्बु मनो रगम् || ६-४-११७
सुर अरि विषयम् घोरम् पाताल विषमम् सदा |
agni cuurNam iva aaviddham bhaaskara ambu mano ragam || 6-4-117
sura ari viShayam ghoram paataala viShamam sadaa |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.117

117. aaviddha agnichuurNamiva = emitting (whirled) sparkles; bhaasvaraambumahoragam = shining with large water-snakes; sadaa = forever; suraarinilayam = abode of enemies of gods; paataalavishhamam = (the sea reaches upto) the uneven patala (subterranean region)

Emitting whirled sparkles, shining with large water-snakes, a fearful abode of enemies of gods forever, the sea reaches upto the uneven Patala (subterranean region).

सागरम् च अम्बर प्रख्यम् अम्बरम् सागर उपमम् |
सागरम् च अम्बरम् च इति निर्विशेषम् अदृश्यत || ६-४-११८
saagaram ca ambara prakhyam ambaram saagara upamam |
saagaram ca ambaram ca iti nirvisheSham adR^ishyata || 6-4-118


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.118

118. saagaram = the ocean; ambaraprakhyam = looked like the sky; ambaram = the sky; saagaropamam = looked like the ocean; saagaram cha = the ocean; adR^ishyata = appeared; ambaramcheti = like the sky; nirvisheshham = without distinction.

The ocean looked like the sky. The sky looked like the ocean. The ocean and the sky looked alike without any distinction.

सम्पृक्तम् नभसा हि अम्भः सम्प्ऱ्क्तम् च नभो अम्भसा || ६-४-११९
ताद्ऱ्ग् रूपे स्म द्ऱ्श्येते तारा रत्न समाकुले |
sampR^iktam nabhasaa hi ambhaH sampRktam ca nabho ambhasaa || 6-4-119
taadRg ruupe sma dRshyete taaraa ratna samaakule |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.119

119. ambhaH = the water; sampR^iktam = blended; nabhasaa = with the sky; nabhaH = the sky; sampR^iktam = blended; ambhasaa = the water; taaraaratnasamaakule = filled with stars (abore) and the pearls (below) both the sky and the sea; dR^ishyate = looked; tadR^igruupe = with the same splendour.

The water blended with sky and the sky blended with water. Filled with stars above and the pearls below, both the sky and the sea looked with the same splendour.

समुत्पतित मेघस्य वीच्चि माला आकुलस्य च |
विशेषो न द्वयोर् आसीत् सागरस्य अम्बरस्य च || ६-४-१२०
samutpatita meghasya viicci maalaa aakulasya ca |
visheSho na dvayor aasiit saagarasya ambarasya ca || 6-4-120


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.120

120. naasiit = there was no; visheshhaH = distinction; dvayoH = between the two; saagarasya = of the sea; viichimaalaakulasya = filled with a row of waves; ambarasyacha = and of the sky; samitpatitameghasya = with a row of falling clouds.

There was no distinction between the two, of the sea filled with a row of waves and of the sky with a row of falling clouds.

अन्योन्यैर् आहताः सक्ताः सस्वनुर् भीम निह्स्वनाः || ६-४-१२१
ऊर्मयः सिन्धु राजस्य महाभेर्य इव आहवे |
anyonyair aahataaH saktaaH sasvanur bhiima nihsvanaaH || 6-4-121
uurmayaH sindhu raajasya mahaabherya iva aahave |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.121

121. uurmayaH = the waves; sindhuraajasya = of the ocean; saktaaH = together; aahataaH = banging; anyonyaiH = one another; bhiimaniHsvanaaH = with a terrific resonce; sasvanuH = sounded; mahaabherya iva = like a kettle drum; ambare = in the sky.

The waves of the ocean together banging one another with a terrific resonance, sounded like a kettle-drum in the sky.

रत्न ओघ जल सम्नादम् विषक्तम् इव वायुना || ६-४-१२२
उत्पतन्तम् इव क्रुद्धम् यादो गण समाकुलम् |
ददृशुस् ते महात्मानो वात आहत जल आशयम् || ६-४-१२३
अनिल उद्धूतम् आकाशे प्रवल्गतम् इव ऊर्मिभिः |
ratna ogha jala samnaadam viShaktam iva vaayunaa || 6-4-122
utpatantam iva kruddham yaado gaNa samaakulam |
dadR^ishus te mahaatmaano vaata aahata jala aashayam || 6-4-123
anila uddhuutam aakaashe pravalgatam iva uurmibhiH |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.122,123

122;123. mahaatmanaH = the high-souled; te = those (monkeys) dadR^ishuH = saw; vaataahata jalaashayam = the sea lashed with winds; ratnaughajalasamnaadam = resonating with abundance of precious stones and water; vishhaktamiva = as in a grip; vaayunaa = of hurricane; utpatantam = rising high; kruddhamiva = as if enraged; yaadogaNasamaakulam = filled with a number of aquatic creatures; aniloddhuutam = tossed by them; aakaashe = in the air; pralapantam iva = by seemingly murmering; uurmibhiH = waves.

Those high-souled monkeys saw the sea lashed with winds, resonating with abundance of precious stones and water, rising high as if enraged in a grip of hurricane, filled with a number of aquatic creatures and tossed by them in the air by seemingly murmuring waves.

ततो विस्मयामापन्ना हरयो ददृशुः स्थिताः || ६-४-१२४
ब्रान्त ऊर्मि जल सम्नादम् प्रलोलम् इव सागरम् |
tato vismayaamaapannaa harayo dadR^ishuH sthitaaH || 6-4-124
braanta uurmi jala samnaadam pralolam iva saagaram |


Show Description: Sloka 6.4.124

124. tataH = then; sthitaaH = the standing; harayaH = monkeys; aapannaH = were struck; vismayam = with astonishment; dadR^ishuH = (and) saw; saagaram = the sea; pralolamiva = seemed moving; bhraantormijaalasamnaadam = full of resonance produced by a multitude of dashing waves rolling to and fro.

The standing monkeys were struck with amazement to see the ocean seemed moving, full of resonance produced by a multitude of dashing waves rolling to and fro.

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