Dandayuthapani (Kuzhandai Valayuthar) ,Palani,Dindigu
Moolavar : Tiru Aavinankudi Kuzhandai Velayuthar
Urchavar : –
Amman / Thayar : –
Thala Virutcham : Gooseberry
Theertham : Shanmugha River
Agamam / Pooja : Sivagamam
Old year : 1000-2000 years old
Historical Name : Tiru Aavinan Kudi
City : Palani
District : Dindigul
State : Tamil Nadu
Sung by Poet Laureate Nakkeerar and Saint Arunagirinathar
Vaikasi Visakam in May-June, Aipasi Skanda Sashti in October-November, Tirukarthikai in November-December, Thaipoosam in January-February and Panguni Uthiram in March-April are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
The presiding deity Lord Muruga’s idol is made of nine precious herbals known as Navapashana and installed by a Holy Siddha named Bogar. The procession deity is Muthukumaraswami. This is the third of the six Army Camps (Padai Veedu) of Lord Muruga. The Kavadi prayer practice began from this temple only.
Tiru Aavinan Kudi, hill temple and Perianayaki Temple – all the three temples are open from 6.00 a.m. to 9.00 p.m. without any break.
Sri Dandayuthapani(Kuzhandai Valayuthar) Temple, Palani- 624 601, Dindigul Dist.
All the importance attributed to Tiruvannamalai Girivalam applies to this temple too. Girivalam, circumambulating the hill is specially followed during the Agni Nakshatra time in peak summer. Thousands of devotees visiting the temple each day begin the worship from Girivalam. There are 690 steps for the hill temple. There is also an elephant track without steps. The hill as a whole has all medicinal properties in itself. Palani has also scriptural names as Tiru Aavinan Kudi and Pothigai.
Devotees come to Lord Muruga for relief from all adversities and for prosperity in family.
Devotees carry Kavadi to the Lord, tonsure and perform abishek with milk, rose water etc.
Greatness Of Temple:
Lord Muruga is not simply a deity in the common understanding of religious culture of the land, but He is also the presiding deity of the Tamil language. Of the three parts of Sangam literature edited as 1) Pathu Pattu, 2) Ettu Thogai and 3) Pathinen Keezh Kanakku, the first part begins with Tirumurugu Attrupadai authored by gifted poet Nakkeerar singing the glory of Lord Muruga. Muruga is the Lord of the Tamil language.
Great woman Tamil poet Avvaiyar calls Lord Muruga a Siddha meaning one doing miracles. This is a place where ancient Chera and Pandya kings had the Lord in their very hearts. Those who think of the Lord are blessed with eternal bliss. Every literature in Tamil has a place of reverence to Lord Muruga.
The Panchamirtham, a preparation for Lord Muruga’s abishek made of five ingredients is globally famous. The preparation cell is completely modernized with advanced machines. The temple has a golden peacock, the vehicle of Lord Muruga and also a golden car-rath.
The golden car pulling is followed by devotees almost each day fetching huge revenues to the temple. The land has the reputation of having great and divine Siddhas as its inhabitants whose heirs are believed to be still living in the places around the temple region. It is also noteworthy, that this is the first temple in Tamilnadu, bringing heaps of revenue to the Government. Now a winch facility is also made available for the convenience of the aged.
The temple was built 1,300 years ago by King Cheraman Peruman. Renovations were carried out during the period of Tirumalai Naicker. The temple is lavishly praised in ancient scriptures and Tamil epics.
Thai Poosam: This is a great festival of the temple. Lord Nataraja performed His Ananda Thandava on the Margazhi (December-January) Tiruvadhirai day which Mother Uma enjoyed sitting close to the stage. She desired that She too perform one similar to Lord’s. Sages Vyakrapada, Patanjali and others came to see Mother’s dance which took place on the Poosa star day in Thai month –January-February. This is Thai Poosam festival. The day thus belongs to Mother Uma. But it is celebrated in Palani greatly, the place of Lord Muruga importance.
Mother Perianayaki graces in a separate shrine with Lord Kailasanathar. Lord Muruga temple is in between the shrines. The main tower and the flag post Kodimaram are before the Muruga shrine. Those who enter the temple began worshipping Muruga first. The flag hoisting ceremony begins from here only and thus came to be associated with Muruga tradition. Thai Poosam festival is even now celebrated at the Ambica shrine only. Procession deity Muthukumaraswami is taken through the streets each day. The car festival takes place on the seventh day.
It is interesting that many industrialists and businessmen have Lord Muruga as their partner and pay a share of their profits to him.
The history of the temple begins from Mount Kailash with a mango fruit brought by Maharshi Narada. Child Muruga left His parents and came to this place as He could not get the mango for not fulfilling the condition to get the fruit. Lord Shiva followed Him. Lord Muruga halted at this place. Mother Parvathi did Her best for a compromise. But the Son was unrelenting and expressed His desire to stay here itself. A temple came into being for Kuzhandai Velayuthar as He was a child (kuzhandhai) then.
Great woman Tamil poet Avvaiyar, known not only for her poetic excellence but also for wisdom, called Muruga Pazham Nee and the place came to be known as Pazhani. Pazham in Tamil means fruit and also ripe knowledge.
Idumban was carrying two hills, Shivagiri and Shakti Giri to Pothigai as commanded by Sage Agasthya. Shivagiri has Lord Shiva attributes and Shaktigiri has that of Mother Parvathi. Idumban placed these mounts down here as he could not bear the weight. Lord Muruga stood on Shaktigiri and refused to come down despite Idumban’s repated demands. When Idumban decided to fight against the Lord, He showered His grace on him and kept with Him. As Muruga was holding a Danda-staff, the Lord came to be known as Dandayuthapani. Siddha Bogar who was here, made an idol of Navapashana (nine herbals) and installed in the temple. He became the presiding deity of the hill temple and became popular among the devotees.
Dandam also means a cane a tool for punishment. Lord Muruga graces here as a teacher explaining the uncertainties of life. As a teacher, He holds the Danda to correct erring pupils. In His ascetic form, Lord Muruga also teach people to shed the natural evils of greed, lust etc. in their mind and be free from passions leading to misery.
Siddha Bogar, living here than was treating people with herbals. He was assisted by his disciple Pulipani. All devotees are indebted to Bogar for gifting us Lord Himself. His monument is within the temple.
The parrot on the Danda of Lord Muruga has a fascinating religious story. All of us know there is parrot in the hands of Mother Meenakshi. There was a wicket poet Sambandandan jealous of saint poet Arunagiriar and thought of a revenge plan to eliminate him. He used his influence on King Prapuda Deva Raya requesting him to ask the saint poet to get the Parijatha flower from heaven to prove his supremacy. Arunagiriar flew into the sky in a parrot form leaving his human form in the Tiruvannamalai tower. This is an exercise called Koodu Vittu Koodu Paithal – leaving the original body form in a safe place and enter into the body of another – for noble purposes. After completing the mission, the performer leaves the adopted body and re-enter into his own.
When Arunagiriar left with his parrot body in search of the Parijatha flower, wicked Sambandandan found the human body of the saint and cremated it so that Arunagiriar cannot re-enter into his original body and appear in his human form and be his competitor. When Arunagiriar was shocked to see his body burnt, Lord Muruga blessed him by having his parrot form in His staff.
Reverting to the Idumban story:
When Idumban challenged Muruga when He refused to come down from the Shaktigiri hill, Lord Vinayaka, elder brother of Lord Muruga came to the rescue of his younger brother. Yet, He had a doubt. Vinayaka won the Mango race which hurt Muruga and may still harbour that anger against him. So Lord Vinayaka took the form of a serpent and began to fight with Idumban. This Vinayaka is on the hill path near Idumban shrine with His leg on a serpent. He is praised as Pada Vinayaka. Padam means foot. Before proceeding on the hill, the devotee should worship Vinayaka here. The footprints of Lord Muruga also are behind Vinayaka.
Tiru Aavinan Kudi is the third army camp (Padaiveedu) of Lord Muruga where He reached after His misunderstanding with parents. As He was a child then, Valli and Deivanai are not with Him here. As Muruga has all Shiva attributes, there are shrines for Lord Dakshinamurthy, Chandikeswara and Bhairava on the prakara walls of the sanctum sanctorum.
According to tradition, worship of Lord Dandayuthapani in the hill temple should begin from the Peria Avudayar 4 km from this place, Mother Perianayaki and Kuzhandhai Velayuthar shrines are also here.
The name Tiru Aavinankudi is linked with Mahalakshmi (Tiru), Gomatha the cow (Aa), Inan (Sun), Ku (earth) di (fire the Agni) who worshipped Kuzhandhai Velayuthar here. Their idols are in the inner corridor – prakara of the temple.
Lord Muruga also granted a Japa Mala to saint Arunagiriar when he sang the Lord’s praise. The saint has mentioned this in his songs.
Brahmma Theertha is on the north of Palani. On its bank, Lord Shiva with Mother Parvathi, Lord Vishnu on His Garuda vehicle and Lord Brahmma on His Swan vehicle appear and grace the devotees. All three Lords are facing west which has its special significance religiously. Worshipping them together ensures total relief from sins, it is believed.
There is a spring on the hill path called Valli Chunai where Muruga graces devotees with Valli in wedding form. Women devotees pray here with the yellow thread (mangal Sutra). Mother Valli also graces sitting alone under the Vilwa tree nearby. Abishek is performed to Nagar (serpent deity) in the Valli Chunai.
Lord Muruga graces His devotees in three forms. 1) The Lord grants darshan in a wedding form with Valli and Deivanai without the peacock vehicle in Periyanayaki temple, 2) as a child on the peacock in Tiru Aavinan Kudi temple and 3) with His Danda-staff in the hill temple. It is indeed a very rare fortune for the devotees to worship the Lord in three forms in a single place.
While Aipasi Annabishekam is performed to Lord Shiva only in temples, it is performed to Lord Muruga in Palani. This is done on the Jeshta star day in the month of Aani at the midday pujas in the hill temple and on the Moola star day in the same month at the Tiru Aavinankudi Kuzhanthai Velayuthar temple during the evening pujas. The Annabishekam is performed to Lord Shiva on the Uthrada star day in the Periyavudayar temple.
Idumba, belonging to the earlier story of carrying two hills to Pothigai, has his shrine on the hill route. Abishek to Idumban is performed at 3.00 a.m. followed by Puja at 5.00 p.m. Pujas to Muruga follows in the hill temple only afterwards. There is a shrine to Idumba on the hill path, appearing with the two hills on his shoulders. There is also a Nandhi before the shrine with his foot prints and of Kadamban.
As Guru, sage Agasthya is in the shrine with Idumba and Kadamba on his side. As the sage also is in the shrine, water Prasad is offered to the devotees from his kamandala, a bowl with a handle used by the Rishis. It is believed that Agasthya himself is offering the Prasad himself that contains rich medicinal properties.